Answered Questions is a monthly resource for the Spanish language Disability Community that fills an information need. This month’s we tackle two questions: (1) what are psychiatric disabilities, and what research, information, and resources are available for people with psychiatric disabilities? (2) What information is available for bipolar disorder in children and adolescents and for depression in university students and adults? This edition of Answered Questions includes items that define psychiatric disabilities and discuss supported transitions for youth with psychiatric disabilities, smartphone apps to help emotional regulation and coping with distress, self-directed recovery and integrated health care, barriers for African Americans with psychiatric disabilities, the effects of family psychoeducation in Mexico, bipolar disorder in children and teens, information on postpartum depression, information for depression and college students, and depression in men.
What are psychiatric disabilities?
Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) defines psychiatric disabilities as a “mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of an individual.” Psychiatric disabilities are varied and include anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, depression, and phobias. NARIC’s information specialists went into more detail in a post defining psychiatric disabilities in NARIC’s Spotlight Blog.
The objective of TEST – Translating Evidence to Support Transitions: Improving Outcomes of Youth in Transition with Psychiatric Disabilities by Use and Adoption of Best Practice Transition Planning (in English) (90DP0080) is to increase the use and adoption of best practices in planning the transition of high school students with psychiatric disabilities to postsecondary employment and/or school enrollment. This includes transitional planning with the ultimate goal to improve postsecondary outcomes for students with emotional behavioral disturbance, who receive special education services, through knowledge translation, testing, and dissemination of NIDILRR-funded research findings.
The goal of the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Self-Directed Recovery and Integrated Health Care (in English) (90RT5038) is to enhance the health and well-being of people with psychiatric disabilities and co-occurring medical conditions; stimulate the development of self-directed recovery models that are peer-led; and improve employment outcomes. This center is dedicated to advancing knowledge and utilization of innovative models to promote health, recovery, and employment of people with mental health conditions.
The Learning and Working During the Transition to Adulthood Rehabilitation Research and Training Center (in English) (90RT5031) focuses on school-to-work transitions with an integrated research program that examines this developmental stage for transition-age youth and young adults serious mental health conditions. The Center develops and translates knowledge from state-of-the-art research on education and work in 14-30 year olds with mental health conditions. They also provide several factsheets in English and Spanish (the Spanish-language items are marked in red).
From the NARIC Collection:
The article, A virtual hope box: Randomized controlled trial of a smartphone app for emotional regulation and coping with distress (in English) (J76133), discusses a study that evaluated the impact of the Virtual Hope Box (VHB), a smartphone app to improve stress coping skills, suicidal ideation, and perceived reasons for living among patients at elevated risk of suicide and self-harm. The results indicate that the VHB is an easily accessible tool that can increase stress coping skills and is likely to have a broad and positive utility in behavioral health care due being easily disseminated across a large population.
Barriers to Services:
Rural African Americans experience several barriers that impede the use of treatment. The study discussed in Addressing mental health needs: Perspectives of African Americans living in the rural south (in English) (J76438) examined the mental health, mental health treatment, and barriers to treatment from the perspective of African Americans living in rural areas and other stakeholders in order to devise culturally acceptable treatment approaches. The article also discusses strategies that may improve the use of services in African Americans living in the rural south.
The Effects of family-to-family psychoeducation among relatives of patients with severe mental disorders in Mexico City discusses a study that examined the effects of a three month family-to-family (FTF) education program on the expressed emotions and subjective knowledge about mental illness among relatives of patients with severe mental disorders in Mexico. The results support the evidence-based practice of FTF in a Mexican population and confirmed the importance of providing routine family psychoeducation as part of health care services.
From Other Collections:
Bipolar Disorder in Children and Adolescents, a guide from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), defines bipolar disorder and discusses who can develop the disorder, how it differs in children and tends in comparison to adults, causes of bipolar disorder, its symptoms and treatment, how it affects families, and more.
Depression and University Students is a guide from NIMH that answers frequently asked questions about depression and college students. In the process, the guide defines depression, discusses the different types of depression, describes de signs and symptoms of depression, discusses the signs of suicidal ideation, and more. The information in this guide is aimed at college and university students.
A guide from NIMH, Postpartum Depression Information defines postpartum depression; discusses its causes and symptoms; shares the difference between postpartum depression and “baby blues”; discusses some of the available treatments; and more.
Men and Depression is a publication from NIMH that discusses depression in men and how it can affect men differently than women. Within the publication, depression is defined, signs and symptoms are discussed, the causes of depression in men are discussed, and more.
- National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) provides information and resources about mental health in the Latinx community, along with information on bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, suicide risk, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, and dual diagnosis. They also provide a helpline for people in crisis via telephone: 800/950-NAMI and email: firstname.lastname@example.org. If you need to find help during a crisis (in English) you can text NAMI to 741741.
- The National Institute of Mental Health (in English) has a factsheet that answers frequently asked questions about suicide. This factsheet includes signs that someone may be at risk, resources to help if the reader and/or someone else are at risk for suicide, and information on some of the factors that may place someone at risk.
- The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (in English) has a factsheet that discusses depression, including when depression may occur, what changes may occur, and what to do if you or a loved one experience symptoms of depression.
- International Research:
About Answered Questions
Each month, we look through the searches on our blog and through the information requests made by our patrons who speak Spanish and pick a topic that fills the largest need. Each resource mentioned below is associated with this month’s information need. We search the various Spanish language news sources and feeds throughout the month to bring you these articles. With the exception of the NIDILRR Projects and Further Investigation, all the linked articles and resources are in Spanish – any that are in English will be clearly marked.