Answered Questions is a monthly resource for the Spanish language Disability Community that fills an information need. Each month, we look through the searches on our blog and through the information requests made by our patrons who speak Spanish and pick a topic that fills the largest need. The American with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 turns 25 in a few days. To celebrate such a momentous occasion, we are dedicating this month’s Answered Questions to the ADA. Since the ADA is a law that only affects people living in the US, the majority of articles are in English. Any Spanish-language articles will be marked. This edition of Answered Questions includes items that disseminate the best information and products related to the ADA and that are evidence-based; discuss accessible medical diagnostic equipment and health care; discuss testing accommodations; and discuss tips for supporting a veteran with a disability returning to work.
The ADA Network Knowledge Translation Center (H133A110014).
Commonly known as the ADA National Network, this knowledge translation (KT) center has several objectives that include ensuring that any information and products identified and developed through the ten regional ADA centers are of the highest quality and are evidence-based from the best available research, disseminating information and products, and developing processes and technology that will facilitate the progress towards these objectives.
Service animals and emotional support animals: Where are they allowed and under what conditions? (O19616)
This guide discusses services animals in a number of settings and how the different rules and allowances vary in relation to access with service animals. It also gives an overview of how the rights of a person requiring a service animal are governed. The last section lists the major federal laws related to service animals and emotional support animals, along with instructions on how to file a complaint.
Accessible medical diagnostic equipment (O19613)
This factsheet, produced by the ADA National Network, helps healthcare providers keep informed about the laws and technical criteria that apply to accessible medical diagnostic equipment (MDE). This informative factsheet includes proposed standards for MDE that apply to such equipment as examination tables, examination chairs, scales, mammography machines, and other equipment that helps healthcare professionals in the diagnostic process.
Accessible health care. (O19629)
The ADA (and Section 504) requires that health care providers ensure that individuals with disabilities have full and equal access to their health care services and facilities. Title II of the ADA applies to public hospitals, clinics, and health care services operated by state and local governments. Title III of the ADA applies to hospitals, clinics, and health care service providers that are privately-owned and operated. This informative factsheet, produced by the Northwest ADA Center, helps healthcare providers ensure that medical facilities and services are accessible to everyone.
Testing accommodations under the amended Americans with Disabilities Act: The voice of empirical research. (J69404)
Testing accommodations are among the modifications that people with disabilities may request to insure that they have access to the same institutions as people without disabilities. In 2011, the Department of Justice (DOJ) issued guidelines for the implementation of the 2008 amendments to the ADA. This article analyzes regulations that focus on testing accommodations that are given to people with disabilities in postsecondary contexts such as employment, higher education, and certification/licensure settings. This article also evaluates the themes from DOJ’s guidelines against the recent findings of empirical research. Several implications of these findings for practice and policy are discussed.
Ten tips for families: Supporting a veteran with a disability returning to work. (O19079)
This factsheet, produced by the Northwest ADA National Network Regional Center, provides tips to keep in mind for the families of veterans with disabilities returning to work. Topics discussed in this factsheet include the benefits of work, when and if a job applicant should disclose a disability, the use of the Family and Medical Leave Act, how work may affect disability payments, and requesting workplace accommodations.
Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (Enable – UN) (Spanish)
The United Nation’s (UN) Convention on the Rights with Disabilities (CRPD) and its Optional Protocol were approved on the 13th of December, 2006 and remained available for signing until the 30th of March 2007. At that time, the Convention received 82 signatures and the Protocol received 44. The CRPD signals a paradigm shift in the attitudes and focus towards people with disabilities. It was conceived as an instrument of civil rights with an explicit dimension towards social development. The CRPD reaffirms that all people with all types of disabilities should be able to enjoy all human rights and fundamental liberties. To date, 147 countries have signed the CRPD and 97 have ratified it. Ninety countries have signed the Optional Protocol and 60 have ratified it. Although the CRPD is heavily influenced by the ADA, the US has yet to ratify the Convention.
- The Ten ADA Regional Centers – United States – The ten ADA Regional Centers, funded by NIDILRR, are spread out throughout the US and provide local assistance and foster implementation of the ADA. They also provide information, guidance, and training on the ADA. The Centers are not an enforcement or regulatory agency. However, they are a great and helpful resource.
- Disability Rights Education and Defense Fund – United States – The Disability Rights Education and Defense Fund (DREDF) is a nonprofit law and policy center that is dedicated to furthering the civil rights of people with disabilities. It is managed and directed by people with disabilities and parents of children with disabilities and provides technical assistance, information and referral, and training to individuals and organizations on disability laws and policies. DREDF also provides legal representation directly and as co-counsel in cases of disability-based discrimination; educates legislators and policy makers on issues affecting the rights of people with disabilities; and trains law students through the Disability Clinical Legal Education Program.