Answered Questions is a monthly resource for the Spanish language Disability Community that fills an information need. Each month, we look through the searches on our blog and through the information requests made by our patrons who speak Spanish and pick a topic that fills the largest need. Each resource mentioned below is associated with this month’s information need. We search the various Spanish language news sources and feeds throughout the month to bring you these articles. With the exception of the NIDRR Projects and Further Investigation, all the linked articles and resources are in Spanish – any that are in English will be clearly marked. This edition of Answered Questions covers several questions that we have received regarding how education addresses the gaps people with disabilities face: gaps in employment, opportunity, and technology access.
Test What You Learned – Assessment: A Cloud-Based Cognitively Accessible Testing Extender for Special Needs Learning App. (Project Number: H133S140035)
This NIDRR funded project is developing the Test What You Learned – Assessment (TWYLA), which is an evaluation system that can be coupled with any special needs app on any mobile device. This allows special needs teachers and app developers to integrate a cognitively accessible testing component into their app environment. TWYLA provides teachers the capability to integrate evaluation activities right next to their students’ mobile learning environment.
Mexico attempts to eliminate the digital divide (uni>ersia)
Since 64.5% of the population does not have access to the Internet, Mexico is looking to eliminate de digital divide and improve education within the country through the implementation of programs that provide access to people with disabilities. Part of the access provided will be the necessary technological tools for the educational development of children with disabilities. The General Education Law of Mexico obliges the country to integrate children with disabilities into general classrooms and schools to maximize the children’s possibilities and to satisfy their basic learning needs and social integration. The Innovation and Learning Network (RIA – its acronym in Spanish) is aiding in eliminating the digital divide by creating the “Expedición RIA” program that hopes to help children with disabilities improve their academic performance through the use of 2,500 computers.
Educational Indicators in Special Education (Organization of Ibero-American States)
Hospital Classrooms was born from the desire of children with chronic illnesses to continue their education to avoid repeating a school year. Hospital Classrooms is a space that provides an informal education directed towards children and teenagers not currently in school due to illness, medical treatment at home, or hospitalization (short and long-term), and where, through academic support and personal development, a child’s psychological and social needs are met.
Schools and Family Involvement: Attitudes Among Latinos Who Have Children with Visual Impairments (NARIC Accession Number: J36652)
This article discusses the results of a survey of 183 Latino family members of students with visual disabilities and their attitudes and perceptions about school programs attended by their children with visual disabilities. Results from the survey suggest that the families had positive attitudes toward the schools and their children’s teachers and they disagreed with the statement that families need not be involved in education. Those who responded to the survey were less positive about their abilities to help their child with reading and math. Variability in family members’ responses were based on four factors: the age of the child, the reading mode of the child, the languages spoken by the respondents, and the education level of the respondents.
Interactive E-Learning to Promote Successful Postsecondary Employment Outcomes for Students with Intellectual Disabilities (Project Number: H133S140039)
This NIDRR funded project is developing an adaptive job-skills intervention called Web-Based Occupational Resource Kit (W.O.R.K.) that is specifically designed to meet the learning styles and social/emotional needs of students with intellectual disabilities. W.O.R.K. supports students with intellectual disabilities by providing them instruction, support, and interactive exercises that are based on their individual needs to promote their development of essential employment, self-determination, and self-advocacy skills. Currently, this Phase I Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) project is developing a fully functioning software prototype with tailored interfaces for educators and students; is conducting feasibility testing with educators and students with disabilities; and is conducting usability testing of the prototype with students with intellectual disabilities.
Teachers unite with ONCE to help blind children in Saharan refugee camps (Educación Especial)
The Educational Resource Center (CRE – its acronym in Spanish) of Barcelona has helped to form a group of teachers to help blind students in the refugee camps in the Sahara. This initiative took its first steps in 2004 and is part of a Project Coordination Committee that includes different Catalan entities and associations from the communities of Valencia and Madrid and who are responsible for the functioning of the schools and teachers in the Saharan refugee camps. Ten years later, CRE (a part of ONCE) initiated its participation in creating a network of scholastic centers for blind children in the Saharan refugee camps of Tinduf (Algeria). Currently, there are five schools – one in each of the camps: Smara, Auser, Aaiún, Bojador, and Dajla.
- Colombia – La com provides information on different types of disabilities, education and disabilities, technology, accessibility, recreation, and more.
- Mexico – Red de Innovación y Aprendizaje (RIA) helps children with disabilities through the use of computers for individuals, technology in the community, courses, and educational links.