Answered Questions: Monthly News for the Disability Community

Answered Questions is a monthly resource for the Spanish language Disability Community that fills an information need. Each month, we look through the searches on our blog and through the information requests made by our patrons who speak Spanish and pick a topic that fills the largest need. Each resource mentioned below is associated with this month’s information need. We search the various Spanish language News sources and feeds throughout the month to bring you these articles. With the exception of the NIDRR Projects and Further Investigation, all the linked articles and resources are in Spanish – any that are in English will be clearly marked. This month we focus on intellectual disabilities, the most popular research topic among our Spanish-speaking patrons.

NIDRR Projects:

Social Ecological Approach to Understanding Health Among Latinos with Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities, Their Caregivers, Agency Staff, and Community Leaders. – Project Number: H133F040031 (In English.)
Although this project has completed its research activities and is now closed, the project aimed to identify the culturally based health conceptions and beliefs, along with the social and physical influences on the health of Latinos with Intellectual/Developmental Disabilities (I/DD), from the perspective of adult Latinos with I/DD. The project also aimed to identify the health concepts, beliefs and priorities of the caregivers, agency staff, and community leaders that affect the health beliefs and activities of adult Latinos with I/DD. Several models were used to guide the research questions in this project.

Research:
Researchers study how to determine the genetic cause of intellectual disability (20minutos.es)
The accredited group from the Translational Research on Genetics at the Institute on Health Research of the La Fe de Valencia Hospital has developed a project on determining the genetic cause of intellectual disabilities so as to improve the advice given to families. The new tool used for the genetic diagnosis of people with intellectual disability is based on research that includes the simultaneous and detailed analysis of 500 genes relevant to the development of neural connections and that have a higher possibility of causing intellectual disabilities.

Technology:
A videogame for people with intellectual disabilities (Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona – UAB)
CIPO, a non-for-profit social organization, and the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB – initials in Spanish) have created a videogame to enhance the cognitive and motor capacities of people with intellectual disabilities and mental disorders. The game, named CIPOActivity, allows players to use only their body movements and has been developed with the support from Assistance to Projects with Social Initiatives in “la Caixa”. CIPOActivity has been in development for three years and helps enhance physical and emotional wellbeing of people with different degrees of intellectual disability and mental disorders and of different ages.

Education:
Road safety education for people with intellectual disabilities (La Suma de Todos, Comunidad de Madrid)
The professionals at the occupational center ‘Aluche’ took the initiative to provide a one day driver education session aimed at people with intellectual disabilities. The meeting, which was led by a group from the Road Safety Education by the Municipal Police of Madrid, has aroused great interest in the Center’s participants. Due to this interest, the extension of this program to other regional occupational centers has been proposed.

Employment:
Training for people with disabilities in the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport (Centro Nacional de Innovación e Investigación Educativa)
The Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture, and Sport supports the integration of people with intellectual disabilities into the labor force. The Ministry has developed a program called General Directions for Evaluation and Regional Cooperation and is a practical training program for people with intellectual disabilities who are working through their own individual employability pathways. These practices help people with intellectual disabilities to complete their internships in standard business environments and to apply and boost their knowledge, social skills, and work skills that they have acquired throughout their training.

Human Interest:
PSOE calls on Spanish Government to adopt a rule governing the access to establishments by people with disabilities (Europa Press)
Gracia Fernández, the representative of the Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE in Spanish) of Almería, has registered an initiative in the Congress of Representatives that will ask the government to regulate the basic conditions so that people with disabilities are not discriminated against in their use of benefits and services available to the public. Along with this initiative, a bill has already been registered and will be debated at the Commission for the Comprehensive Disability Congress. Fernández states “that accessibility for people with physical and mental disabilities should be real and should avoid such situations as some hotels denying entry to people with psychiatric disabilities.”

Resources:

  • GuatemalaTeletón Fundabiem offers integral rehabilitation and empowering services for children and young adults with disabilities and their families.
  • ParaguayFundación Espurna offers resources and an integral attention to people with intellectual disabilities.
  • Dominican RepublicAsociación Dominicana de Rehabilitación is a not-for-profit organization that provides services, integration, and rehabilitation for people with physical and intellectual disabilities, either congenital or acquired.

Further Research:

About mpgarcia

I'm the Bilingual Information/Media Specialist at NARIC.
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