What are learning disabilities?

The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) define learning disabilities (LD) as “conditions that affect how a person learns to read, write, speak, and calculate numbers. They are caused by differences in brain structure and affect the way a person’s brain processes information.” LDs are often discovered after a child begins his or her education; however LDs are not an indication of intelligence. LDs are not the same as the learning problems associated with intellectual and developmental disabilities or emotional, vision, hearing, or motor skills problems. LDs are caused by differences in brain function and/or genetics. Contact your doctor if you think you or your child may have an LD.

The NICHD and the National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD) have great resources for parents of children with LD and for adults with LD. After completing a search in NARIC’s databases, we found many informative articles. Here is a selection of those articles:

  • Exploring the efficacy of online strategy instruction for improving the reading abilities of students with learning disabilities. NARIC Accession Number: J62853.
  • Try reading again: How to motivate and teach older beginners, age 10 and up. NARIC Accession Number: R09172.
  • Speaking of apraxia: A parent’s guide to childhood apraxia of speech. NARIC Accession Number: R09154.

About mpgarcia

I'm the Bilingual Information/Media Specialist at NARIC.
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