#COVID19 Resources from the NIDILRR Grantee Community

Updated September 30, 2020.

Many members of the NIDILRR grantee community have responded to the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) by publishing, presenting, or curating resources to support the continued independence and participation of people with disabilities and their families, and the professionals who work with them. We are actively collecting these resources as they are published. This list is growing every week, so check back regularly. New items are posted first; older items are listed alphabetically by project or center, and the date of the most recent update will be posted above.

NEW Great Lakes ADA Regional Center

COVID-19 and Return to Work, aired August 13th. This webinar covered numerous surrounding COVID and work: Is COVID-19 a disability under the ADA? What accommodations are available for people with disabilities when returning to work? What if a person cannot wear a face covering due to a disability? Other than the ADA, what other laws are relevant for people with disabilities and their family members?

Special Session: COVID-19 and the ADA: Implications for Title II and Post-Secondary Education aired August 27th. The COVID-19 pandemic has necessitated significant changes in how programs and activities are conducted and necessitated entities to make changes in their policies and procedures to address the risks and meet the local and state mandates to prevent transmission. This session laid out the basics for analyzing how the ADA applies to the current pandemic and explore a variety of issues including voting, effective communication, emergency preparedness, public transportation, modifications to programs and services offered by local and state government entities, public health issues such as COVID-19 testing and face mask mandates and issues faced by administrators and students in post-secondary education settings. An archive of the session will be posted.
Keywords: Employment, education, college, workplace accommodations, return to work

NEW Mid-Atlantic ADA Regional Center

ADA Today Podcast: COVID-19 and College Annie Tulkin of Accessible College joined the ADA Center to discuss how the pandemic is affecting students with disabilities.
Keywords: Students, college, ADA

NEW Northwest ADA Regional Center

Face Coverings and Businesses: Balancing the ADA with Public Health During COVID-19. The factsheet covers what business owners may and may not ask customers with disabilities regarding their ability to wear a face covering, how to engage customers in interactive dialogue to identify a reasonable accommodation, examples of accommodations, and when an accommodation may not be possible. The factsheet also discusses whether a person has an absolute right to enter a business without a mask and the use of fraudulent exemption cards. Finally, the factsheet includes information on state-level face covering mandates.
Keywords: ADA, masks, local ordinance

NEW Pacific ADA Regional Center

American Red Cross Disaster Response During the COVID-19 Pandemic, October 8th, 2:30-4 pm ET, featuring Mary Casey-Lockyer, MHS, BSN, RN, CCRN, lead for Disaster Health Services and Senior Medical Advisor to National Disaster Operations for the American Red Cross. This webinar will cover several aspects of disaster response from the perspective of the American Red Cross during the COVID-19 pandemic including lessons learned from recent disasters, preparation and guidance development for disaster response, the strategy for non-congregate sheltering, and the challenges of this strategy. In addition, worker safety and workforce care protocols will be shared. Registration is free and required.
Keywords: Emergency preparedness, disaster response

NEW Rehabilitation Research and Training Center for Community Living and Participation of People with Serious Mental Illness

Fall 2020 Back to Campus Planning Guide for College Students with Mental Health Conditions. This document provides helpful tips for college students with mental health conditions, including considerations for remote, in-person, and hybrid learning formats. The guide also covers self-advocacy planning and campus engagement planning strategies that will help students maintain their academic success and well-being as a college student in 2020.
Keywords: Education, college, mental health

NEW Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment for People with Physical Disabilities

Accommodations & Return to Work Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic provides strategies to support the physical and mental health of a company’s workforce during the pandemic. This includes how to ensure the safety and accessibility of the workplace and ways to accommodate teams in remote work environments.
Keywords: Employment, workplace accommodations, return to work

NEW Rehabilitation Research and Training Center for Pathways to Positive Futures

Telehealth for Transition Age Youth and Young Adults: Privacy, Emotional Safety and Welfare During Covid-19 and Beyond (PDF) provides initial guidance for protecting the emotional safety, privacy and welfare of transition-age youth and young adults while they are participating in virtual mental health care. This list, compiled via consultation with youth peer support specialists, clinicians, and supervisors who work with young people, is intended as a starting point as services evolve to meet the challenges of this new era. This center also hosted a webinar, Supporting Youth Peers during COVID-19.
Keywords: Youth, young adults, mental. health, peer counselors

NEW Rehabilitation Research and Training Center for Place-Based Solutions for Rural Community Participation, Health, and Employment (RTC: Rural)

America at a Glance: Social Isolation and Loneliness During the First Wave of COVID-19. The brief reports on findings of a survey of people with disabilities in rural and urban areas asking about their health, social connectedness, and loneliness, and compares responses collected before and after the first wave of stay-at-home orders.
Keywords: Rural communities, social isolation

ADA National Network of Regional Centers

The ADA National Network and its 10 regional centers help people with disabilities, employers, and public entities to understand their rights and responsibilities under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The regional centers are operating, though their physical offices may be closed due to stay-at-home orders. Call 800/949-4232 to reach the center for your region. The National Network and the centers host a Twitter chat (4/22) on ADA, Healthcare, and Effective Communication. Some of the centers have published resource pages.
Keywords: ADA, accessibility, healthcare, barriers, civil rights, effective communication, rural health, telehealth, mental health

Americans with Disabilities Act Participation Action Research Consortium (ADA PARC)

People with Disabilities in COVID-19: Fixing Our Priorities. Published in the American Journal of Bioethics specially issue on COVID-19. From the introduction: “While the COVID-19 pandemic has wreaked disproportionate havoc in marginalized racial/ethnic communities, little attention has been given to people with disabilities in the press, public health surveillance, and research. A few articles, including this special issue, consider the discriminatory nature of categorical exclusion from and guidelines for the rationing of medical equipment and services. While important, this focus captures only one—late-stage—injustice toward people with disabilities in the pandemic, and leaves untouched other important periods. We focus on these understudied periods. First, we describe the most relevant and unique disadvantages that people with disabilities experience in health care and community living that place them at greater risk for disparate COVID-19 outcomes. Then we highlight the need to ensure accurate data collection in order to better understand COVID-19 disparities and improve prevention and treatment of, and preparedness for, current and future infectious disease pandemics among people with disabilities.”
Keywords: Ethics, disparities, data collection

Boston-Harvard Burn Injury Model System Center (BH-BIMS)

The researchers at the BH-BIMS published a letter to the editor in the journal Burns, COVID-19 pandemic and the burn survivor community: A call for action. The letter to the editor highlights the impact of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) on people with burn injury, including reduced access to inpatient and outpatient medical and therapeutic care, loss of peer support leading to increased isolation, and triggers for post-traumatic stress disorder. The authors also suggest resources for support and education for burn survivors and care providers. The article is available free in full text.

The Center for Enhancing Neurocognitive Health, Abilities, Networks, & Community Engagement (ENHANCE).

The goal of the ENHANCE project is to support the ability of older adults with cognitive disabilities to live independently in the community. This center has published an article, When Going Digital Becomes a Necessity: Ensuring Older Adults’ Needs for Information, Services, and Social Inclusion During COVID-19, in the Journal of Aging & Social Policy. The article examines the immediate need for digital literacy for older adults who must suddenly learn to interact with health care providers, social services, and friends and family.

Center for Research, Training, and Dissemination of Family Support for People with Disabilities Across the Life Course.

This center conducted a survey of caregivers and non-caregivers to understand the impact of the pandemic. The survey found that family caregivers reported more negative effects from the pandemic than non-caregivers. They were more likely to be experiencing isolation, food insecurity, and financial hardship, among other issues. Family caregivers also reported that the pandemic had increased their caregiving responsibilities, and that providing care was more emotionally, physically, and economically difficult. Female caregivers, minority caregivers, caregivers with less education, caregivers with lower income, younger caregivers, caregivers who care for persons with mental health/behavioral issues, and caregivers who live with the care recipient tended to report greater negative impacts. The report is available in an executive summary, a full report, and an infographic.
Keywords: Caregiving, family caregivers, social isolation, financial impact

Collaborative on Health Reform and Independent Living (CHRIL)

CHRIL and its stakeholder partner American Association on Health and Disability (AAHD) collaborated on a series of short videos on COVID-19 and Disability:

  1. COVID-19 & Disability: Who’s at Risk for Complications?
  2. COVID-19 & Disability: Social Distancing
  3. COVID-19 & Disability: Precautions for People in Wheelchairs
  4. COVID-19 & Disability: Keeping Wheelchairs Clean
  5. COVID 19 & Disability: Being a Self-Advocate
  6. COVID-19 & Disability: Knowing Your Legal Rights

Cognitopia

Cognitopia has developed several NIDILRR-funded technology solutions for people with cognitive and processing disorders such as brain injury and autism. Cognitopia added a collection of COVID-19 resources to the Staying Healthy portfolio in My Life. It’s designed to provide cognitively accessible information related to the coronavirus, including reliable links, instructional videos, personal care routines, and collected other info to help folks get through a difficult time. Cognitopia’s MyLife tool can be used remotely by a student and their support team as they transition from school to college or work. See a set-up example using Jon Student and his transition goals and activities.
Keywords: Cognitive disabilities, community participation, personal care

Community Life Engagement Guidepost Fidelity Scale Development and Testing

Virtual Community Life Engagement. This publication applies the Four Guideposts to Community Life Engagement to selecting and supporting online engagement opportunities for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities: https://covid19.communityinclusion.org/pdf/CLE_issue10_V2_D2.pdf This publication was supported in part by a NIDILRR Field Initiated Research Grant (Community Life Engagement Guidepost Fidelity Scale Development and Testing; # 90IFRE0025) Part of https://covid19.communityinclusion.org/
Keywords: Community living, intellectual and developmental disabilities

Community Living Policy Center

This center conducts research in policies and practices that promote community living outcomes for individuals with disabilities. In response to pending legislation which could impact services and supports for people with disabilities, the center published two briefs: Understanding the Home and Community-Based Services COVID-19 Response Proposal describes bills to increase funding for states’ home and community-based services, specifically how the increased funding would help ensure care at home, minimize wait lists, increase wages for health workers, and provide for sick leave; An Emergency Direct Care Conservation Corps Proposal proposes ways to strengthen the direct care workforce to reduce the spread of COVID-10 and preventable emergency department visits and hospitalization of vulnerable people.
Keywords: Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS), direct support providers, policy, legislation

Langston University Rehabilitation Research and Training Center (LU-RRTC)

The LU-RRTC has released a Policy Research Brief (volume 3, issue 1) titled Forecasting COVID-19 Issues for People of Color with Disabilities While Advancing the Minority-Serving Institution Research Capacity Building Science: A Framework for Federal Agencies. The brief reports on key themes derived from a national listening session titled “Emerging Issues Around COVID-19 and People of Color with Disabilities for Minority-Serving Institution Scientific Workforce Capacity Building”. The report documents potentially useful actionable strategies and proposes a Framework for Advancing the COVID-19 Science Involving People of Color with Disabilities through Minority-Serving Institution Research Capacity Building. 
Keywords: Capacity building

Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center (MSKTC)

MSKTC works with the Spinal Cord Injury, Traumatic Brain Injury, and Burn Injury Model System Centers, developing and curating resources to help people with these injuries, their families and caregivers, and rehabilitation professionals. In this special issue of their monthly newsletter, MSKTC shares resources to help individuals stay healthy during the coronavirus/COVID-19 pandemic.
Keywords: Spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, burn injury, health and wellness

Mount Sinai Spinal Cord Injury Model System

This center conducts research and development to help people with spinal cord injury (SCI) recover and return to their communities. Principal Investigator Thomas Bryce, MD, answered Frequently Asked Questions about COVID-19 and SCI for United Spinal. Topics covered included risk of contracting the virus, the impact on respiratory function, and when to consider going to the emergency department.
Keywords: Spinal cord injury, risk factors

National Research Center on Parents with Disabilities and Their Families

This center conducts research and training to support parents with disabilities, help them understand their rights and advocate for services and supports. The Center hosted a Twitter chat Parenting with a Disability During COVID-19:Insights from the #COVIDDisParenting Twitter Chat, where parents with disabilities shared their helpful strategies for staying healthy, active, and engaged; unique concerns and experiences; preparedness and unmet needs; and more. This center also hosts a parenting blog and is accepting articles from parents with disabilities about their COVID-19 experiences (participation closes May 15).

NRCPD also collected blog entries from parents with disabilities about their experiences during the various phases of the pandemic in their communities.
Keywords: Parents with disabilities, parenting

Northern New Jersey Spinal Cord Injury System Center (NNJSCIS)

This center conducts research in interventions in rehabilitation and supports for people with spinal cord injury (SCI). In the COVID-19 and Spinal Cord Injury: Minimizing Risks for Complications podcast NNJSICS director Trevor Dyson-Hudson, MD and Carolann Murphy discuss some of the risks for people with SCI who may have reduced lung and cough function due to paralysis, and techniques and devices they can use to improve their cough. They also discuss the challenges of limiting social or physical contact when working with a personal care attendant, when a personal care attendant is unavailable, and keeping wheelchair contact surfaces clean and disinfected.
Keywords: Spinal cord injury, risk factors, respiratory health, personal care attendants

Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center: Develop and Evaluate Rehabilitation Technology and Methods for Individuals with Low Vision, Blindness, and Multiple Disabilities

This RERC conducts research and development in technology solutions to current barriers to opportunity faced by individuals who are blind, have low vision, and have multiple disabilities. This includes barriers to careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). The team created an accessible pandemic bulletin, A11y COVID-19, to display data on infection rates that is accessible to screen readers and can be “sonified” on demand. The browser plays a different tone for each level on the graph, rising as the data indicates higher numbers.

Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Augmentative and Alternative Communication (RERC-AAC)

This center conducts research and development in AAC, technology that helps people who cannot communicate verbally because of neuromuscular disorders, autism, and other conditions. A recent article from the RERC highlights the need for effective communication to help these individuals understand what is happening and express their needs, wants, and important care details. The article describes how to prepare in advance for someone with complex communication needs, how to support understanding of COVID-19 for whose who may have difficulty understanding complex communication, ways to support expressive communications for someone who cannot rely on speech, and suggestions for healthcare workers providing care for someone who cannot communicate.
Keywords: Accessibility, communication, augmentative and alternative communication

Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Improving the Accessibility, Usability, and Performance of Technology for Individuals who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

The researchers at this RERC assembled three guides to respond to communication issues that have emerged during this crisis: virtual meetings (now ubiquitous for working while under stay-at-home orders) need to be accessible for employees who are Deaf or hard of hearing, and hospital staff need to communicate with patients with hearing loss.
Keywords: assistive technology, inclusion, hearing, workplace accommodations, telework, medical facilities

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center for Learning and Working During the Transition to Adulthood (Transitions ACR).

This center focuses on young people with mental health conditions as they transition from school to college and/or the workplace. COVID-19 Resources for Youth and Young Adults features curated content from including news stories from around the country, a Google Spreadsheet with hundreds of resources for youth, young adults, families, college, educators, and supporters; webinars on methods to support college students with mental health conditions who have been affected by disruptions in school; and selections from Transitions ACR publications and products which may be of help to students, administrators, and counselors.
Keywords: Psychiatric disabilities, youth, young adults, transition, college

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center for Place-Based Solutions for Rural Community Participation, Employment, and Health (RTC: Rural)

This center conducts research and training activities that address the unique needs of people with disabilities living in rural communities. The staff is assembling resources to inform people living in these communities about the virus in general, ways to connect with services, and more.
Keywords: Rural, remote services, vocational rehabilitation, geography, economics

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Community Living and Participation for People with Serious Mental Illness

This center focuses on how people with serious mental illness engage with their community, from family leisure to creating welcoming workplaces and community spaces.
Keywords: Psychiatric disabilities, community participation, social isolation

  • Keeping Connected while Staying Apart includes a running list of resources to stay connected and engaged, the powerpoint from A National Conversation on Community Participation (3/26) and links to ideas for staying engaged (virtual theater, online class communities, art and learning programs).
  • Resources for Remote Community Participation (PDF) includes an extensive list of high-tech, low-tech, and no-tech ways to stay connected.
  • ConnectionsRx, a new program providing one-to-one support for individuals to identify interests AND the opportunity to connect to meaningful activities through a support group on Facebook. 

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment of Individuals with Blindness and Other Visual Impairments

Staff from this center led a recent forum discussion on remote training in vocational rehabilitation, through the Older Individuals Who are Blind – Technical Assistance Center (OIB-TAC). Since most training for people with visual impairment occurs face-to-face, many professionals are searching for new procedures to offer training during quarantines and physical distancing. Sylvia Stinson-Perez and Kendra Farrow, both Certified Vision Rehabilitation Therapists, facilitated discussions on working remotely, providing services and training in a remote environment, and identifying helpful resources.
Keywords: Blindness, visual impairments, employment, remote training, vocational rehabilitation

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment of People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

This center focuses on the practices and policies that support successful employment of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD), including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The center has set up a collection of videos for families and professionals supporting individuals with ASD. How to: Teaching Handwashing explains how to cover hand hygiene, learning styles and challenges to consider, and examples of teaching strategies. How to: Handwashing for Individuals with ASD demonstrates hand hygiene in simple, straightforward language and images.
Keywords: Intellectual and developmental disabilities, autism, videos, personal hygiene

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment Policy and Measurement (EP-RRTC)

The EP-RRTC hosts monthly discussions on the state of employment of Americans with disabilities as reported in the Bureau of Labor Statistics Jobs Report, along with related disability employment issues. In response to the pandemic, the EP-RRTC hosts monthly National Trends in Disability Employment (nTIDE) Special Reports – Implications of COVID-19, where a team of experts share their latest perspectives, based on data from a population survey released mid-month, on the coronavirus pandemic and its implications on employment, emerging bills and policies, and resources for the days ahead. The discussion are archived for future viewing.

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Family Support

This RRTC is conducting a survey about issues related to COVID-19 and its impact on families supporting members with disabilities. The survey covers impacts on employment, financial well-being, social interactions, health behaviors, physical health, and mental health.  It also asks whether anyone in the household has been diagnosed with COVID-19 or are experiencing related symptoms. If you are providing unpaid care to a loved one because of an illness, disability, or functional problem, you will also be asked detailed questions about how COVID-19 has affected your caregiving duties and ability to provide quality care.  These answers will also be extremely helpful in designing programs to help caregivers during this difficult time.  Your responses will inform professionals and policy makers who are designing programs and interventions to help people cope with this serious public health crisis. 

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Integrated Healthcare and Self-Directed Recovery

This center creates, modifies, and improves self-directed models of medical care and mental health services that promote recovery, health, and employment for people with psychiatric disabilities. Managing Your Wellness During the COVID-19 Outbreak offers a collection of wellness self-management strategies and resources. Learn how to manage stress, cope with anxiety, combat loneliness, or explore virtual distractions with art, music, museum tours, and more. The collection also includes resources for physical health and wellness, supports for behavioral health providers and other support personnel, and resources to help children, teens, and young adults cope during the outbreak. This center has published a Self-Management Education and Support Referral Algorithm, designed to help primary care providers follow guidelines recommended by the Institute of Medicine to choose a self-management program to meet their patients’ needs at different stages of emotional distress. The algorithm identifies what kinds of knowledge patients need, the self-management programs that provide it, and how to locate these programs in their local communities. Modeled on the American Diabetes Association’s patient education algorithm, the algorithm features peer-delivered self-management programs because of their strong evidence-base and successful use in managing mental health conditions.
Keywords: Psychiatric disabilities, health and wellness, telehealth

University of Alabama at Birmingham Spinal Cord Injury Model System Center (UAB-SCIMS)

UAB-SCIMS conducts research that supports people with SCI, their families, and the rehabilitation professionals who support them. The video Tips for People with SCI During COVID-19 offers tips for individuals to maintain their health and daily living from UAB-SCIMS psychologists. Tips include keeping an eye on secondary conditions to avoid the need for hospital visits, maintaining a routine, getting exercise, and maintaining social contact.

UABSCIMS had dedicated the 2020 issue of their Pushin’ On newsletter to COVID-19. This issue features an article on staying healthy to avoid the impact of the virus, as well as articles on technology for independence and opportunities to participate in research.
Keywords: Spinal cord injury, health and wellness, community participation

University of Alabama at Birmingham Traumatic Brain Injury Model System Center (UAB-TBIMS)

UAB-TBIMS conducts research supports people with TBI, their families, and the rehabilitation professionals who support them. The video Tips for People with TBI and their Families During COVID-19 offers suggestions for individuals to maintain their health and daily living from two UAB-TBIMS psychologists. Tips include maintaining a routine, staying informed and following recommended prevention guidelines, asking for help, and doing what you can to maintain your physical and mental health like exercise, learning activities, and keeping medications up to date.
Keywords: Traumatic brain injury, health and wellness, community participation

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NDEAM Quick Looks: Employment for People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

During this last week of National Disability Employment Awareness Month (NDEAM), we turn our attention to workers and job seekers with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Data from the National Core Indicators (PDF) suggest that people with IDD are less likely to be employed full time in competitive jobs in the community than their peers with other disabilities and significantly less likely than their peers without disabilities. People with IDD want to work in fulfilling, competitive jobs, but may need supports to find, apply for, and keep those jobs long term. As one young woman with Down syndrome who works at the Institute for Community Inclusion put it: “I don’t just work to have a job, I work to live.” Programs like Employment First, customized employment, internships, and other programs may help close the employment gap, connecting people with IDD to the jobs they want.

In this week’s Quick Look, we meet some of the current NIDILRR-funded projects focusing on employment of people with IDD, as well as some resources from the broader community.

Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers (RRTCs)

The RRTC on Advancing Employment for Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (ThinkWork RRTC) conducts research, training, and outreach activities that promote employment for people with IDD. Activities include research to create a comprehensive information, outreach, and support framework for individuals and families so they have access to employment information across the lifespan; increasing the effectiveness of employment consultants, incorporating research, practice, job seeker support needs, organizational culture, and personal resources; building capacity and support for organizational transformation for community rehabilitation providers; and understanding the characteristics of high-performing state employment systems. Researchers from this center recently shared key findings and lessons learned from research on integrated employment for individuals with disabilities in a video. Visit the ThinkWork RRTC for the Bringing Employment First to Scale research brief series, the 44 webinar series that takes a fresh look at issues and opportunities around employment for people with IDD, and more!

The RRTC on Employment of People with IDD (VCU-RRTC-IDD) provides needed information in employer practices that are associated with better employment outcomes for individuals with IDD. This center conducts a series of studies to examine the critical variables that can improve competitive integrated employment outcomes for people with IDD. Studies examine how a major corporation implements a demand side approach to hiring workers with IDD, ways young adults with IDD from minority communities acquire technology skills  to access careers in information technology, how college students with autism spectrum disorders use cognitive technology, the impact of parent intervention on expectations  and outcomes for their children, and how training employment specialists can improve competitive integrated employment outcomes. Visit the center for webinars on employment issues, including their series of 15-minute webinars highlighting important topics like disability etiquette and key terms in employment; highly sharable factsheets, postcards and plain language summaries of research; and a database of journal articles on employment and disability.

RRTC on Employment of Transition-Age Youth with Disabilities (VCU-RRTC-Transition) focuses broadly on evidence-based interventions to assist youth to enter competitive integrated employment. Among its studies are a randomized control trial on the effects of paid work in high school for youth with severe disabilities and an intervention on the effects of an online course and subsequent technical assistance for postsecondary staff providing employment supports for college students with IDD. Visit the center’s website to learn more about this course and to find research briefs on the impact of paid work.

Field Initiated Research

Promoting Career Design and Development via Telehealth for Rural Adults with Intellectual and Development Disabilities is a new (FY 2020) project that will examine the feasibility, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness of implementing a career design intervention using telehealth for adults with IDD who live in rural areas. The intervention uses the Self-Determined Career Design Model (SDCDM) which enables individuals to set career-related goals, make career-related choices and decisions, develop and implement career-related plans and goals, and reflect on progress toward those goals. This project will train facilitators to use the SDCDM model remotely with people with IDD to promote employment for those waiting for formal Home and Community Based Services in Kansas.

Small Business Innovation Research

Attainment Company, Inc, is in Phase II development of Take on Training with Attainment: A Video Training App to Foster Independence at Work for Individuals with Intellectual Disability. The app will provide direct services to workers such as job coaches with on-demand instruction in the form of short vignettes to promote the maximum level of independence for people with IDD in the workplace.

CreateAbility Concepts, Inc., is in Phase II development of WhenWear Advisor: A Cloud-Based Tool to Help Supervisors Increase Employment Options for Workers with Intellectual Disabilities. The WhenWear Advisor helps supervisors of people with IDD in job settings by connecting the supervisors to a source of pre-built instructions and prompts and helping them tailor or adjust solutions to the specific needs of the person they are supervising. These prompts and instructions will help the employee independently and successfully accomplish vocational tasks.

Browse through more than 70 NIDILRR-funded projects spanning over 35 years of research supporting the employment of people with IDD and more than 145 articles, books, and reports from the NIDILRR community indexed in the REHABDATA database.

Elsewhere in the community

University Centers for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities Education, Research, and Service (UCEDDs) are grantees of the Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AIDD) that conduct a wide range of research and development supporting employment and independence of people with IDD. Explore the most recent projects indexed in the NIRS database maintained by the Association of University Centers on Disabilities.

The Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP) at the Department of Labor has several program areas that support employment success for people with IDD. They include supporting Employment First, a framework for systems changes that is centered on the premise that all citizens, including those with significant disabilities, are capable of full participation in integrated employment and community life (see the Bringing Employment First to Scale research briefs mentioned above); Customized Employment, an evidence-based strategy that meets the needs of both employee and employer; apprenticeship models that attract a diverse array of candidates; and supporting people with autism and fostering neurodiversity in the workplace.

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Preguntas y Respuestas: Noticias Mensuales para la Comunidad de la Discapacidad sobre las Barreras en la Comunidad y en el Hogar – Octubre 2020

Preguntas y Respuestas es un recurso mensual para la Comunidad de la Discapacidad de habla hispana que llena una necesidad de información. La pregunta de este mes es Recientemente me diagnosticaron con una discapacidad y estoy encontrando barreras en mi hogar y en mi comunidad. ¿Existe información, investigación, y recursos sobre las barreras a la vida comunitaria y participación? Este número de Preguntas y Respuestas incluye artículos que discuten la integración de tecnologías inalámbricas establecidas que ayudan a las personas con discapacidades a lograr la independencia y participación comunitaria aumentada; accesibilidad y diseño universal (DU) en los cuatro dominios del entorno construido; tecnologías informáticas y de comunicación (TIC) inclusivas y accesibles; barreras a la participación comunitaria y de transportación pública; barreras al acceso de peatones; barreras físicas enfrentadas por estudiantes universitarios en Cali-Colombia; barreras al aprendizaje para los estudiantes universitarios con discapacidades; superando las barreras al empleo; y más. Obtenga más información sobre Preguntas y Respuestas.

Proyectos Financiados por NIDILRR:

El Centro de Investigación de la Ingeniería de Rehabilitación (RERC, por sus siglas en inglés) para las Tecnologías Inalámbricas Inclusivas (RERC Inclusivo) (en inglés) trabaja hacia la integración de las tecnologías inalámbricas establecidas con los dispositivos conectados inalámbricamente y servicios para un futuro transformativo donde las personas con discapacidades logran la independencia, calidad de vida mejorada, y participación comunitaria aumentada. A través de las actividades de investigación, desarrollo, capacitación, y de alcance del RERC Inalámbrico las innovaciones exitosas involucrarán, conectarán, y acelerarán el acceso para las personas con discapacidades a un ecosistema inalámbrico dinámico sin barreras e incluye un aumento en la conexión social para las personas con discapacidades a través de entornos variados.

El RERC sobre el Diseño Universal y el Entorno Construido (UD RERC, por sus siglas en inglés) (en inglés) avanza la accesibilidad y DU en la vivienda, edificios comerciales y públicos, infraestructura comunitaria, y transportación. Sus actividades de investigación, desarrollo, capacitación, y difusión abordan las necesidades clave para el conocimiento y demuestran el valor de la práctica basada en la evidencia a través de regulaciones mejoradas y adopción de estándares de DU voluntarias. El RERC ayuda a mejorar el acceso físico, salud, y participación social de personas con discapacidades. Como parte de su trabajo, el UD RERC mantiene un sitio web que es la fuente principal para las noticias e información sobre DU en todos los entornos (en inglés).

Las tecnologías informáticas y de comunicación (TIC) son una parte integral de la vida, impactando la educación, empleo, salud, transportación, y comunicación social y, a medida que continúan evolucionando, el acceso para las personas con discapacidades puede volverse prohibitivo. El RERC de Tecnología Informática y de Comunicaciones Inclusiva (ICT RERC, por sus siglas en inglés) (en inglés) aborda el acceso a las TIC inclusivas para personas con discapacidades. Este RERC aborda las barreras a la accesibilidad de TIC asegurando que las soluciones existentes son conocidas, efectivas, fáciles de encontrar, y disponibles en cada computadora o plataforma de tecnología digital y explorando las tecnologías emergentes de interfaz de próxima generación para las cuales no existen directrices o estándares de accesibilidad efectivas, y la resolución de problemas antes de estas tecnologías.

De la Colección de NARIC:

El artículo, Las barreras a la participación comunitaria y transportación pública experimentadas por personas con discapacidades (en inglés), discute un estudio del Consorcio de Investigación de Participación y Acción sobre la Ley de Estadounidenses con Discapacidades (ADA PARC, por sus siglas en inglés): Avanzando la Igualdad en la Participación para Personas con Discapacidades (en inglés) financiado por NIDILRR que realizó una encuesta nacional de personas con discapacidades que exploró el impacto en la participación comunitaria por obtener acceso a la transportación comunitaria. Los investigadores encontraron que las personas ciegas o que tiene baja visión, con discapacidades psiquiátricas, con condiciones de salud crónicas, o con múltiples discapacidades experimentaban más problemas en usar la transportación pública para la participación comunitaria, junto con personas que eran del sexo femenino, hispanas, Latinx, o de origen español. Los investigadores también encontraron que los resultados del estudio indican desafíos significantes enfrentados por personas con discapacidades mientras que usan transportación pública, y que ciertos grupos con discapacidades son impactados más severamente por estas barreras que otros.

Enfoque De Investigación:

Tres Décadas Después de la ADA, Muchos Gobiernos Locales Todavía Pueden No Tener Planes Vigorosos para Remover las Barreras al Acceso de Peatones discute un estudio del Centro Regional de los Grandes Lagos sobre la ADA (en inglés) que analizó cuantos gobiernos locales en una muestra de estudio habían completado planes de transición de la Ley de Estadounidenses con Discapacidades (ADA, por sus siglas en inglés) y que estaban fácilmente disponibles al público. Los investigadores también querían evaluar la calidad de los planes reflejados en elementos como monitorear el progreso o brindar oportunidades para la participación pública. Encontraron que muchos gobiernos locales en los EEUU todavía no tenían planes claros para eliminar las barreras de la infraestructura peatonal y notaron que los proyectos de renovación general pueden integrar las directrices de la ADA sobre la transición para mejorar el acceso para personas de todas edades y habilidades.

Barreras Físicas:

El artículo, Barreras físicas enfrentadas por personas con discapacidades percibidas por estudiantes universitarios en Cali-Colombia (artículo en español, resumen en inglés), discute un estudio para identificar las barreras físicas enfrentadas por personas con discapacidades como se perciben por estudiantes universitarios de terapia ocupacional y nutrición en una institución singular en Cali-Colombia. Los investigadores encontraron que alrededor de 50% de los estudiantes percibieron que la cafetería y los baños dentro de la universidad tenían una accesibilidad mínima debido a la señalización, ventilación, e iluminación inadecuadas y que la transportación a la universidad también tenía una barrera física relacionada a la participación en la vida universitaria. Los investigadores recomendaron a las universidades que realicen una encuesta para identificar las barreras físicas en sus instalaciones.

Educación:

El artículo, Barreras al aprendizaje para estudiantes con discapacidades en una universidad chilena. Demandas de los estudiantes – Desafíos institucionales (PDF), presenta los resultados de un estudio sobre los estudiantes con discapacidades en una universidad chilena para determinar las barreras al aprendizaje y participación que ellos enfrentan y para determinar la asistencia educativa necesaria para que estos estudiantes prosigan sus estudios adecuadamente. Los resultados del estudio indican que las barreras al aprendizaje y participación caen dentro de tres categorías: infraestructura, proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje, y gestión institucional. El estudio también encontró que los estudiantes tienen diferentes necesidades según su tipo de discapacidad y que estas necesidades son un aspecto clave a considerar cuando se solicita asistencia educativa. Los investigadores propusieron estrategias para mejorar las políticas de accesibilidad de esta universidad en Chile.

Empleo:

El artículo, Superando las barreras para obtener acceso al empleo para personas con discapacidades de la Organización Educacional, Científica, y Cultural de las Naciones Unidas (UNESCO, por sus siglas en inglés), discute como el Programa Conjunto sobre el Empleo y la Discapacidad, una iniciativa del Sistema de las Naciones Unidas en Perú busca asistir a las municipalidades locales en promover el acceso al empleo para personas con discapacidad. La iniciativa también ayuda a los gobiernos locales en remover las barreras al empleo para personas con discapacidades a través de la creación de los programas que brindan capacitación y colocación laboral para personas con discapacidades y que ayudan a los empresarios a remover las barreras dentro de sus organizaciones.

Hojas informativas, guías, y páginas web de la comunidad de NIDILRR y de otros lugares:

Más Investigaciones:

REHABDATA:

PubMed:

Investigaciones Internacionales:

Más información sobre Preguntas y Respuestas

Cada mes, revisamos las búsquedas que aparecen en nuestro blog y a través de las solicitudes de información hechas por nuestros clientes que hablan español y elegimos un tema que llena la necesidad mayor. Cada recurso mencionado anteriormente está asociado con la necesidad de información de este mes. Buscamos varios recursos y fuentes de noticias en español durante todo el mes para traerle estos artículos. Con la excepción de los Proyectos de NIDILRR, De la Colección de NARIC, y Más Investigaciones, todos los enlaces a los artículos y recursos se encuentran en español.

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Answered Questions: Monthly News for the Disability Community for October 2020 on Barriers in the Community and at Home

Answered Questions is a monthly resource for the Spanish language Disability Community that fills an information need. This month’s question is I was recently diagnosed with a disability and I am finding barriers in my home and in my community. Is there information, research, and resources on barriers to community living and participation? This edition of Answered Questions includes items that discuss the integration of established wireless technologies that help people with disabilities achieve independence and enhanced community participation; accessibility and universal design (UD) in the four domains of the built environment; inclusive and accessible information and communication technologies (ICT); community participation and public transportation barriers; pedestrian access barriers; physical barriers faced by university students in Cali-Colombia; barriers to learning for university students with disabilities; overcoming barriers to employment; and more. More about Answered Questions.

NIDILRR-Funded Projects:

The Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center (RERC) for Wireless Inclusive Technologies (Wireless RERC) (in English) works towards the integration of established wireless technologies with emerging wirelessly connected devices and services for a transformative future where people with disabilities achieve independence, improved quality of life, and enhanced community participation. Through the Wireless RERC’s research, development, training, and outreach activities, successful innovations will engage, connect, and accelerate access for people with disabilities to a dynamic wireless ecosystem without barriers and includes an increase in social connectedness for people with disabilities across varied environments.

The RERC on Universal Design and the Built Environment (UD RERC) (in English) advances accessibility and UD in housing, commercial and public buildings, community infrastructure, and transportation. Its research, development, training, and dissemination activities address key needs for knowledge and demonstrate the value of evidence-based practice through improved regulations and adoption of voluntary UD standards. The RERC helps improve the physical access, health, and social participation of people with disabilities. As part of its work, the UD RERC maintains a website that is the leading source for news and information on UD across all environments (in English).

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are an integral part of life, impacting education, employment, health, transportation, and social communication and, as they continue to evolve, access for people with disabilities may become prohibitive. The Inclusive Information and Communications Technology RERC (ICT RERC) (in English) addresses access to inclusive ICT for people with disabilities. This RERC addresses barriers to the accessibility of ICT by ensuring that existing solutions are known, effective, findable, more affordable, and available on every computer or digital technology platform and by exploring the emerging next-generation interface technologies for which there are no effective accessibility guidelines or standards, and problem-solving in advance of these technologies.

From the NARIC Collection:

The article, Community participation and public transportation barriers experienced by people with disabilities (in English), discusses a study by the NIDILRR-funded Americans with Disabilities Act Participation Action Research Consortium (ADA PARC): Advancing Participation Equity for People with Disabilities (in English) that conducted a national survey of people with disabilities to explore the impact of barriers accessing public transportation on community participation. Researchers found that people who are blind or have low vision, psychiatric disabilities, chronic health conditions, or multiple disabilities experienced more problems using public transportation for community participation, along with people who were female, Hispanic, Latinx, or of Spanish origin. Researchers also found that the study results indicate significant challenges faced by people with disabilities as they use public transportation, and certain disability groups are more severely impacted by these barriers than others.

Research In Focus:

Three Decades After the ADA, Many Local Governments May Still Not Have Strong Plans to Remove Pedestrian Access Barriers discusses a study from the NIDILRR-funded Great Lakes ADA Regional Center (in English) that looked at how many local governments in a study sample had Americans with Disabilities (ADA) transition plans completed and readily available to the public. The researchers also wanted to evaluate the quality of the plans as reflected by elements such as monitoring progress or providing opportunities for public participation. They found that many local governments in the US still do not have clear plans to remove barriers from the pedestrian infrastructure and they noted that mainstream renovation projects may be able to integrate ADA transition guidelines in order to improve access for people of all ages and abilities.

Physical Barriers:

The article, Physical barriers faced by disabled people perceived by university students in Cali-Colombia (article in Spanish, abstract in English), discusses a study to identify the physical barriers faced by people with disabilities as perceived by university occupational therapy and nutrition students in a single institution in Cali-Colombia. The researchers found that around 58% of the students perceived that the snack bar and bathrooms inside the university had minimal accessibility because of inadequate signaling, ventilation, and lightning and that transportation to the university was also a physical barrier related to participation in university life. The researchers recommended universities carry out a survey to identify physical barriers on their campuses.

Education:

The article, Learning Barriers for Students with Disabilities in a Chilean University. Student Demands – Institutional Challenges (PDF), presents the results of a study on students with disabilities in a Chilean university to determine the learning and participation barriers that they face and to determine the educational assistance necessary for these students to pursue their studies properly. The results of the study indicate that learning and participation barriers fall within three categories: infrastructure, teaching-learning process, and institutional management. The study also found that students have different needs according to their type of disability and that these needs are a key aspect to consider when educational assistance is requested. The researchers proposed strategies in order to improve the accessibility policies for this university in Chile.

Employment:

The article, Overcoming barriers to access to employment for people with disabilities from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), discusses the Joint Program on Employment and Disability, an initiative from the United Nations System in Peru that seeks to assist local municipalities in promoting the access to employment for people with disability. The initiative also assists local governments in removing barriers to employment for people with disabilities through the creation of programs that provide training and job placement for people with disabilities and that assist employers in removing barriers within their organizations.

Factsheets, Guides, and Webpages from the NIDILRR Community and Beyond:

Further Research:

REHABDATA:

PubMed:

International:

About Answered Questions

Each month, we look through the searches on our blog and through the information requests made by our patrons who speak Spanish and pick a topic that fills the largest need. Each resource mentioned above is associated with this month’s information need. We search the various Spanish language news sources and feeds throughout the month to bring you these articles. Except for the NIDILRR Projects, From the NARIC Collection, and Further Investigation, all the linked articles and resources are in Spanish – any that are in English will be clearly marked.

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NDEAM Quick Looks: The Employment RRTCs

We continue our recognition of National Disability Employment Awareness Month (NDEAM) with a quick look at the NIDILRR-funded Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers (RRTCs) that focus the majority of their efforts on improving employment outcomes for people with disabilities. These centers conduct research and training on disparities in employment outcomes, interventions to support young people transitioning to the workforce, programs to educate employers and vocational rehabilitation counselors, and much more. Follow the links to learn more about each center and what they have to offer job seekers, employers, and others.

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center (RRTC) on Employment for People with Physical Disabilities. (90RTEM0001) The goal of this center is to promote job retention by persons with physical disabilities. Toward this goal, this center conducts a randomized control trial comparing an evidence-based, telehealth pain self-management intervention, adapted to address risk and protective factors for employment disability, to a waitlist control in adults who are employed; assesses employer-, client-, job-, and environment-related barriers and facilitators of job retention after vocational rehabilitation; evaluates an implementation science approach to employment interventions in people with Parkinson’s disease; and evaluates job accommodation strategies and assistive technology resources for rural and low resource environments. Visit this center to find articles and videos on workplace accommodation, return to work, and COVID-19.

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center (RRTC) on Employment of Transition-Age Youth with Disabilities. (90RTEM0002) This center generates evidence-based interventions to assist youth to enter competitive integrated employment; and addresses the need for evidence-based research for youth with disabilities, family members, school personnel, vocational rehabilitation (VR) counselors, and other stakeholders on information and interventions that can impact the employment outcomes of transition-age youth. The center conducts studies including a pilot intervention of knowledge translation methods for pre-employment transition services counselors for youth with significant disabilities; trials on the effects of paid internships for youth with disabilities; and a trial of the effects of technology for college students with brain injuries; among others. Visit this center to learn more about these projects, research briefs, and a course for higher education professionals to learn about supported employment.

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center (RRTC) on Employment of People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (I/DD). (90RTEM0003) This center provides needed information in employer practices that are associated with better employment outcomes for individuals with I/DD. The cornerstone of this research is a series of studies to examine the critical variables that can improve competitive integrated employment (CIE) outcomes for individuals with I/DD. Center activities also include establishing a national resource center for individuals with I/DD and their families. Visit this center to find research summaries and plain-language summaries, a glossary of employment terms, webcasts and consumer-focused videos, and more.

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Improving Employment Outcomes for Individuals with Psychiatric Disabilities. (90RTEM0004) This center conducts a coordinated program of research and knowledge translation projects and activities that builds on existing evidence-based supported employment and improves employment outcomes for individuals with psychiatric disabilities. Research activities include studying barriers and facilitators to employment, studying individual placement supports to improve employment outcomes, and testing an integrated career guidance and supported education intervention, among others. Visit this center at the Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation for factsheets, webcasts, self-paced study online courses, the Employment Repository, and much more.

The Learning and Working During the Transition to Adulthood Rehabilitation Research and Training Center. (90RTEM0005) This center develops and shares new knowledge about core concepts, interventions, and policies to greatly improve the transition to employment for youth and young adults (Y&YAs) ages 14 to 30 with serious mental health conditions (SMHC). The Center uses research and knowledge translation to help ensure that polices, programs, and supports for transition-age Y&YAs with SMHC help them build the strong cornerstones that support successful long-term adult work lives. This center’s activities include exploring factors that contribute to successful transition, facilitators and barriers to services and supports, and the evidence base for interventions that support long-term success. Visit this center for an extensive collection of factsheets, videos, infocomics, research briefs, and much more.

Rehabilitation Research and Training on Employment Policy: Center for Disability-Inclusive Employment Policy Research. (90RTEM0006) This center designs and implements a series of studies that produce new data and evidence on disability-inclusive employment policy to increase employment rates and outcomes for persons with disabilities. The Center conducts a scientifically rigorous set of randomized control trials and quasi-experimental studies that look across the employment lifecycle: (1) enhancing employment re-engagement, (2) enhancing employment, and (3) enhancing job quality and retention. This center has just launched, so check with NARIC as their collection of resources grows.

RRTC on Employment of People Who are Blind or Have Low Vision. (90RTEM0007) This goal of this center is to improve employment opportunities and outcomes for people who are blind or low vision (B/LV). The center conducts rigorous research, training, technical assistance, and dissemination activities that (1) explore access technology (AT) in the workplace over time; (2) evaluate the effects of virtual interview training for youth; (3) develop and test an interactive video to educate employers about B/LV; (4) evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of teaching job search skills via videoconferencing; (5) identify internal and external barriers and facilitators to labor force participation; (6) explore employment predictors and outcomes using large national datasets; and (7) evaluate the accessibility and usability of job application websites. While this iteration of the center has just launched, the research team has a long history and catalog of significant research and training in this area. Visit the center to find extensive resources on employment, business enterprise, transition for B/LV youth, deaf-blindness and brain injury co-occurring with blindness, and much more.

Place-based Solutions for Rural Community Participation, Health, and Employment. (90RTCP0002) Also known as the RTC: Rural, this center conducts research and knowledge translation (KT) activities across health, community living, and employment domains to explore, develop, and test strategies to improve the quality of life of rural people with disabilities. Among its projects, Rural Self-Employment Builds Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) and American Indian VR Service (AIVRS) explores capacity to support consumers who express an interest in self-employment by refining and evaluating materials that are responsive, appropriate, and prepared for intervention efficacy research. Visit this center for a self-employment training program for VR counselors, the telecom toolbox, and the Working Well with a Disability workshop program.

These are just a few of the many projects that focus their research and development efforts on improving employment outcomes for people with disabilities. Their work impacts workers and future workers with disabilities, employers, vocational rehabilitation counselors, teachers, and many others. Explore more research from the RRTCs or projects in Employment in the NIDILRR Program Database on your own or reach out to our information specialists for assistance!

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Miradas Rápidas para NDEAM: Los RRTC sobre el Empleo

Continuamos nuestro reconocimiento del Mes Nacional de Concientización sobre el Empleo de Personas con Discapacidades (NDEAM, por sus siglas en inglés) (en inglés), con una mirada rápida a los Centros de Investigación de Rehabilitación y Capacitación (RRTC, por sus siglas en inglés) financiados por NIDILRR que enfocan la mayoría de sus esfuerzos en mejorar los resultados de empleo para personas con discapacidades. Estos centros realizan investigaciones y capacitación sobre las disparidades en los resultados de empleo, intervenciones para apoyar a las personas jóvenes en la transición a la fuerza laboral, programas para educar a los empresarios y consejeros de rehabilitación vocacional, y mucho más. Siga los enlaces para obtener más información sobre cada centro y lo que tienen para ofrecer a los solicitantes de empleo, empresarios, y otros.

Centro de Investigación de Rehabilitación y Capacitación (RRTC, por sus siglas en inglés) sobre el Empleo para Personas con Discapacidades Físicas (en inglés). (90RTEM0001) El objetivo de este centro es promover la retención laboral de personas con discapacidades físicas. Con este objetivo, el centro lleva a cabo un ensayo de control aleatorizado que compara una intervención de autogestión del dolor de tele-salud basada en la evidencia, adaptada para abordar los factores de riesgo y de protección para la discapacidad laboral, con un control de lista de espera en adultos que están empleados; evalúa las barreras relacionadas con el empresario, cliente, trabajo y entorno y facilitadores para la retención laboral después de la rehabilitación vocacional; evalúa un enfoque científico de implementación para intervenciones de empleo en personas con enfermedad de Parkinson, y evalúa estrategias de adaptación laboral y los recursos de tecnología de asistencia para los entornos rurales y de bajo recursos. Visite este centro para encontrar artículos y vídeos sobre la adaptación en el lugar de trabajo, regresar al trabajo, y COVID-19.

Centro de Investigación de Rehabilitación y Capacitación (RRTC, por sus siglas en inglés) sobre el Empleo de Jóvenes con Discapacidades en Edad de Transición (en inglés). (90RTEM0002) Este centro genera intervenciones basadas en la evidencia para ayudar a los jóvenes a entrar en el empleo integrado competitivo; y aborda la necesidad de investigaciones basadas en la evidencia para los jóvenes con discapacidades, miembros de la familia, personal escolar, consejeros de rehabilitación vocacional (RV), y otras personas interesadas sobre la información e intervenciones que pueden impactar los resultados de empleo de jóvenes en edad de transición. El centro lleva a cabo estudios que incluyen una intervención piloto de métodos de traducción de conocimientos para los consejeros de servicios de transición antes del empleo para los jóvenes con discapacidades significantes; ensayos sobre los efectos de puestos de interno pagados para los jóvenes con discapacidades; y un ensayo sobre los efectos de la tecnología para los estudiantes universitarios con lesiones cerebrales; entre otros. Visite este centro para obtener más información sobre estos proyectos, resúmenes de investigación, y un curso para los profesionales de educación superior para aprender sobre el empleo apoyado.

Centro de Investigación de Rehabilitación y Capacitación (RRTC, por sus siglas en inglés) sobre el Empleo de Personas con Discapacidades Intelectuales y de Desarrollo (DI/D) (en inglés). (90RTEM0003) Este centro brinda la información necesaria sobre las prácticas de empresarios que están asociadas con mejores resultados de empleo para personas con DI/D. La fundación de esta investigación es una serie de estudios para examinar las variables críticas que pueden mejorar los resultados de empleo integrado competitivo (EIC) para personas con DI/D. Las actividades del centro incluyen establecer un centro nacional de recursos para personas con DI/D y sus familias. Visite este centro para obtener resúmenes de investigación y resúmenes en lenguaje sencillo, un glosario de términos de empleo, webcasts y vídeos centrados en el consumidor, y más.

Centro de Investigación de Rehabilitación y Capacitación sobre Mejorar los Resultados de Empleo para Personas con Discapacidades Psiquiátricas (en inglés). (90RTEM0004) Este centro realiza un programa coordinado de proyectos y actividades de investigación y traducción de conocimientos que se basa en el empleo respaldado basado en la evidencia existente y mejora los resultados de empleo para personas con discapacidades psiquiátricas. Las actividades de investigación incluyen estudiar las barreras y los facilitadores al empleo, estudiar los apoyos de colocación individuales para mejorar los resultados de empleo, y probar una orientación profesional integrada y una intervención de educación apoyada, entre otros. Visite este centro en el Centro de Rehabilitación Psiquiátrica para obtener hojas informativas, webcasts, cursos en línea de estudio a su propio ritmo, el Repositorio de Empleo, y mucho más.

Centro de Investigación de Rehabilitación y Capacitación sobre el Aprendizaje y Trabajo Durante la Transición a la Edad Adulta (en inglés). (90RTEM0005) Este centro desarrolla y comparte nuevos conocimientos sobre los conceptos principales, intervenciones, y políticas para mejorar en gran medida la transición al empleo para jóvenes y adultos jóvenes (Y&YA, por sus siglas en inglés) de 14 a 30 años de edad con afecciones graves de salud mental (AGSM). El Centro usa las investigaciones y traducción de conocimientos para ayudar a asegurar que las políticas, programas, y apoyos para los Y&YA con AGSM en edad de transición los ayudan a desarrollar las fundaciones que apoyan las vidas laborales adultas exitosas a largo plazo. Las actividades de este centro incluyen explorar los factores que contribuyen a una transición exitosa, facilitadores y barreras a los servicios y apoyos, y la base de evidencia para las intervenciones que apoyan el éxito a largo plazo. Visite este centro para obtener una amplia colección de hojas informativas, vídeos, “infocomics”, resúmenes de investigación, y mucho más.

Investigación de Rehabilitación y Capacitación sobre la Política de Empleo: Centro para la Investigación sobre la Política de Empleo Inclusivo de Personas con Discapacidades (en inglés). (90RTEM0006) Este centro diseña e implementa una serie de estudios que producen nuevos datos y evidencia sobre la política del empleo inclusivo de personas con discapacidades para aumentar las tasas y resultados de empleo para personas con discapacidades. El Centro realiza un conjunto científicamente rigoroso de ensayos de control aleatorizados y estudios cuasiexperimentales que analizan el ciclo de vida del empleo: (1) mejorar la reincorporación al empleo, (2) mejorar el empleo, y (3) mejorar la calidad y retención del empleo. Este centro acaba de lanzarse, así que consulte a NARIC a medida que crece su colección de recursos.

RRTC sobre el Empleo de Personas Que Son Ciegas o Tienen Baja Visión (en inglés). (90RTEM0007) El objetivo de este centro es mejorar las oportunidades y resultados de empleo para personas ciegas o que tienen baja visión (C/BV). El centro realiza actividades rigurosas de investigación, capacitación, asistencia técnica, y difusión que (1) explora la tecnología de acceso (TA) en el lugar de trabajo a lo largo del tiempo; (2) evalua los efectos de capacitación virtual en entrevista para los jóvenes; (3) desarrolla y prueba un vídeo interactivo para educar a los empresarios sobre C/BV; (4) evalua la viabilidad y eficacia de enseñar habilidades de buscar trabajo a través de videoconferencia; (5) identifica barreras y facilitadores internos y externos para la participación en la fuerza laboral; (6) explora los predictores y resultados de empleo usando grandes conjuntos de datos nacionales; y (7) evalua la accesibilidad y usabilidad de sitios web de solicitud de empleo. Si bien esta iteración del centro acaba de lanzarse, el equipo de investigación tiene una larga historia y un catálogo de investigación y capacitación significante en esta área. Visite el centro para encontrar recursos sobe el empleo, empresas comerciales, transición para los jóvenes con C/BV, sordoceguera y lesión cerebral concurrente con ceguera, y mucho más.

Soluciones Basadas en el Lugar para la Participación Comunitaria, Salud y Empleo (en inglés). (90RTCP0002) También conocido como el RTC: Rural, este centro realiza actividades de investigación y traducción de conocimientos (TC) en los dominios de salud, vida comunitaria, y empleo para explorar, desarrollar, y probar estrategias para mejorar la calidad de vida de personas rurales con discapacidades. Entre sus proyectos, El Autoempleo Rural Desarrolla Rehabilitación Vocacional (RV) y el Servicio de RV para Indios Estadounidenses (AIVRS, por sus siglas en inglés) explora la capacidad para apoyar a los consumidores que expresan un interés en el autoempleo mediante el refinamiento y evaluación de materiales que respondan, sean apropiados, y estén preparados para la investigación de la eficacia de la intervención. Visite este centro para obtener un programa de capacitación sobre el autoempleo para los consejeros de RV, el conjunto de instrumentos de telecomunicaciones, y el programa de talleres Trabajando Bien con una Discapacidad.

Estos son solo algunos de los proyectos que enfocan sus esfuerzos de investigación y desarrollo para mejorar los resultados de empleo para personas con discapacidades. Su trabajo impacta a los trabajadores y trabajadores futuros con discapacidades, empresarios, consejeros de rehabilitación vocacional, maestros, y a muchos otros. ¡Explore más investigaciones sobre el Empleo en la Base de Datos del Programa de NIDILRR por su cuenta o comuníquese con nuestros especialistas en información para obtener ayuda!

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Foundation Creática: Supporting the Education of Service Professionals, People with Disabilities, and Their Families on Assistive Technology

The FREE Iberian-American Foundation Creática for the Cooperation in Special Education and Assistive Technologies (Creática) (in Spanish) is an organization based in Spain, whose singular purpose is educating service professionals on the possibilities that assistive technology (AT) such as computers, tablets, and other adaptive devices offer to people with disabilities. Creática has supported more than 2,600 service professionals and students over the last 13 years in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Spain, and Uruguay through their university level program. This learning program incorporates international speakers, specialized online tutors, practical cases, free software and low-cost devices. The course is not only available to service professionals but is also for teachers and students in the fields of education, health, computing and social services, non-governmental organizations, and people with disabilities and their families. Creática’s programs include workshops, online training, conferences, and Wikinclusion (in Spanish), a database that offers information on more than 7,000 examples of software, videos, and printable material at no cost to facilitate communication and learning to people with and without disabilities. Finally, Creática offers a virtual campus where course participants may keep track of their learning experience, participate in group discussions, and chat with instructors and other participants.

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La Fundación Creática: Apoyando la educación de profesionales de servicio, personas con discapacidades y sus familias sobre la tecnología de asistencia

La Fundación Creática Iberoamericana FREE para la Cooperación en la Educación Especial y las Tecnologías de Asistencia (Creática) es una organización basada en España, cuyo objetivo singular es educar a los profesionales de servicio sobre las posibilidades que la tecnología de asistencia (TA) como las computadoras, tabletas, y otros dispositivos adaptados ofrecen a las personas con discapacidades. Creática ha apoyado a más de 2,600 profesionales de servicio y estudiantes durante los últimos 13 años en Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, España, México, Panamá, Paraguay, Perú, y Uruguay a través de su programa de nivel universitario. Este programa de aprendizaje incorpora a los oradores internacionales, tutores especializados en línea, casos prácticos, software gratuito y dispositivos de bajo costo. El curso no solo está disponible para profesionales de servicios, sino también para docentes y estudiantes en los campos de educación, salud, informática, y servicios sociales, organizaciones no gubernamentales, y personas con discapacidades y sus familias. Los programas de Creática incluyen talleres, capacitación en línea, conferencias, y Wikinclusion, una base de datos que ofrece información sobre más de 7,000 ejemplos de software, vídeos, y materiales imprimibles sin costo para facilitar la comunicación y aprendizaje a personas con y sin discapacidades. Finalmente, Creática ofrece un campus virtual donde los participantes en el curso pueden realizar un seguimiento de su experiencia de aprendizaje, participar en discusiones grupales, y charlar con instructores y otros participantes.

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NDEAM Quick Looks: Improving Employment Outcomes for People with Psychiatric Disabilities

This October marks the 75th observance of National Disability Employment Awareness Month (NDEAM), designated by the Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP) at the Department of Labor. The theme for 2020 is “Increasing Access and Opportunity.” Throughout the month we are featuring research and resources from the NIDILRR community and elsewhere aimed at improving employment outcomes for people across the disability spectrum. We start with resources for people with psychiatric disabilities.

People with psychiatric disabilities have conditions like schizophrenia, depression, anxiety disorders, and bipolar disorder, among others. Research shows that people with psychiatric disabilities are less likely to be competitively employed than their peers without these disabilities. They may encounter stigma or discrimination which may limit their access to employment. Other challenges may present barriers to employment such as managing physical health and wellness or access to transportation. Here are a few resources which may help overcome these barriers

Disclosure, Stigma, and the Workplace

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Improving Employment Outcomes for Individuals with Psychiatric Disabilities Ask Me Anything About Employment webinar series has features several sessions on this topic including disability disclosure and accommodations, mental health problems that interfere with work, keeping employment. Explore the full series.

Young adults with mental health conditions joining the workforce may have many questions about finding, interviewing for, and keeping a job. The Learning and Working During the Transition to Adulthood Rehabilitation Research and Training Center has tip sheets and infocomics that tackle subjects like disclosing mental health conditions at work, connecting with peer mentors, and laws that can help protect them from discrimination. Browse the collection of employment tip sheets, infocomics, and more.

Employers can play a significant role in fostering employment success and reducing the stigma of mental illness in the workplace. The Employer Assistance and Resource Network on Disability Inclusion (EARN) developed the Mental Health Toolkit: Resources for Fostering a Mentally Healthy Workplace. The toolkit is a gateway to background, tools, and resources that can help employers learn more about mental health issues and cultivate a welcoming and supporting work environment for employees with lived experience in mental illness.

Staying Healthy for Work

The Center on Integrated Health Care and Self-Directed Recovery has a solutions suite that includes many tools for people with psychiatric disabilities to help maintain their physical health and wellness so that they can be successful at work and in the community. Explore the Solutions Suite of Integrated Health and Mental Health Care tools to find the Physical Wellness for Work workbook (with companion podcast and webinar), a Wellness Activities Manual, and much more.

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Community Living and Participation of People with Serious Mental Illness has developed a collection of guides and factsheets to increase physical activity to improve wellness and community access. Among the tools you’ll find the Bike Share Intervention, which encourages people to use rental bikes (bike share) safely in the community. In addition to the health benefits, these programs can address access to independent transportation to get to work, school, and appointments.

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) offers research and resources for consumers and practitioners to find treatment and support. Visit the Evidence Based Practices Resource Center for information and tools for mental health, substance use support, and wellness.

Research In Focus

Our Research In Focus series has highlighted several NIDILRR-funded studies on employment and psychiatric disabilities:

These are just a few examples of resources from NIDILRR grantees and other agencies and organizations to help people with psychiatric disabilities find, get, and keep a job, and to support their employers in creating welcoming work environments. To learn more, explore the employment-related projects funded by NIDILRR in the Program Database!

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Miradas rápidas de NDEAM: Mejorando los resultados de empleo para personas con discapacidades psiquiátricas

Este octubre marca la 75ª observancia del Mes Nacional de Concientización sobre el Empleo de Personas con Discapacidades (NDEAM, por sus siglas en inglés) (en inglés), designado por la Oficina de Política sobre el Empleo de Personas con Discapacidades (ODEP, por sus siglas en inglés) en el Departamento de Trabajo. El tema para 2020 es “Aumentar el Acceso y la Oportunidad” (en inglés). A lo largo del mes, presentamos investigaciones y recursos de la comunidad de NIDILRR y de otros lugares destinados a mejorar los resultados de empleo para personas en todo el espectro de la discapacidad. Comenzamos con recursos para las personas con discapacidades psiquiátricas.

Las personas con discapacidades psiquiátricas con condiciones como la esquizofrenia, depresión, trastornos de ansiedad, y trastorno bipolar, entre otros. La investigación muestra que las personas con discapacidades psiquiátricas son menos probables de ser empleados competitamente que sus compañeros con estas discapacidades. Pueden encontrar estigma o discriminación que puede limitar su acceso al empleo. Otros desafíos pueden presentar barreras al empleo, como manejar la salud física y bienestar o acceso a la transportación. Aquí hay algunos recursos que pueden ayudar a superar estas barreras.

Revelación, estigma, y el lugar de trabajo

La serie de webinars Pregúntame Cualquier Cosa Sobre el Empleo del Centro de Investigación de Rehabilitación y Capacitación para Mejorar los Resultados de Empleo para Personas con Discapacidades Psiquiátricas tiene varias sesiones sobre este tema, incluyendo la divulgación de discapacidad y adaptaciones, problemas de salud mental que interfieren con el trabajo, manteniendo el trabajo. Explore la serie completa (en inglés).

Los adultos jóvenes con problemas de salud mental que se incorporan a la fuerza laboral pueden tener muchas preguntas sobre encontrar, entrevistarse, y mantener un trabajo. El Centro de Investigación de Rehabilitación y Capacitación sobre el Aprendizaje y Trabajo Durante la Transición a la Edad Adulta tiene hojas de consejos e infocomics que abordan temas como la divulgación de problemas de salud mental en el trabajo, la conexión con mentores compañeros, y leyes que pueden ayudar a protegerlos de la discriminación. Explore la colección de hojas de consejos (en inglés e incluye hojas informativas en español), infocomics (en inglés), y más sobre el empleo (en inglés).

Los empresarios pueden desempeñar una función importante en fomentar el éxito laboral y reducir el estigma de enfermedad mental en el lugar de trabajo. La Red de Asistencia y Recursos para Empresarios sobre la Inclusión de Personas con Discapacidades (EARN, por sus siglas en inglés) desarrolló el Kit de Instrumentos sobre la Salud Mental: Recursos para Fomentar un Lugar de Trabajo Mentalmente Saludable (en inglés). El conjunto de instrumentos es una puerta de entrada a los antecedentes, los instrumentos, y recursos que pueden ayudar a los empresarios a obtener más información sobre los problemas de salud mental y cultivar un entorno de trabajo acogedor y de apoyo para los empleados con experiencia vivida en la enfermedad mental.

Mantenerse saludable para el trabajo

El Centro sobre la Atención Médica Integrada y Recuperación Autodirigida tiene un conjunto de soluciones que incluye muchos instrumentos para personas con discapacidades psiquiátricas para ayudarlas a mantener su salud y bienestar físico para que puedan ser exitosos en el trabajo y en la comunidad. Explore el libro de trabajo Conjunto de Soluciones de Instrumentos Integrados de Salud y Atención de la Salud Mental (en inglés) para encontrar el Libro de Trabajo (con podcast y webinar complementarios), un Manual de Actividades de Bienestar, y mucho más.

El Centro de Investigación de Rehabilitación y Capacitación sobre la Vida Comunitaria y Participación de Personas con Enfermedad Mental Grave ha desarrollado una colección de guías y hojas informativas para aumentar la actividad física para mejorar el bienestar y el acceso comunitario (en inglés). Entre los instrumentos se encuentra la Intervención de Bicicletas Compartidas, que alienta a las personas a usar bicicletas de alquiler (bicicletas compartidas) de manera segura en la comunidad. Además de los beneficios de salud, estos programas pueden abordar el acceso a la transportación independiente para ir al trabajo, la escuela, y las citas.

La Administración de Servicios de Abuso de Sustancias y Salud Mental (SAMHSA, por sus siglas en inglés) ofrece investigaciones y recursos para los consumidores y profesionales para encontrar tratamiento y apoyo. Visite el Centro de Recursos sobre las Prácticas basadas en la Evidencia (en inglés) para obtener información e instrumentos para la salud mental, apoyo para el uso de sustancias, y el bienestar.

Enfoque De Investigación

Nuestra serie Enfoque De Investigación ha destacado varios estudios financiados por NIDILRR sobre el empleo y las discapacidades psiquiátricas:

Estos son algunos ejemplos de recursos de los concesionarios de NIDILRR y de otras agencias y organizaciones para ayudar a las personas con discapacidades psiquiátricas a encontrar, obtener, y mantener un trabajo, y para apoyar a sus empresarios en crear entornos de trabajo acogedores. Para obtener más información, ¡explore los proyectos relacionados con el empleo financiados por NIDILRR en la Base de Datos del Programa

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Active Aging: Optimizing Opportunities for Health, Wellness, and Participation

According to the article, Active Aging: A Global Goal by Rocío Fernández-Ballesteros, et al. (2013), defines active aging as an “umbrella concept embracing a semantic space in which healthy, successful, or productive aging are strongly related.” Active aging was defined for the first time in 2002 by the World Health Organization (WHO) in a booklet, Active Aging. A policy framework, as “the process of optimizing opportunities for health, participation, and security, in order to enhance quality of life and wellbeing as people age.” But what does this really mean? The International Council on Active Aging (ICAA) states that active aging “promotes the vision of all individuals – regardless of age, socioeconomic status or health – fully engaging in life within all seven dimensions of wellness: emotional, intellectual/cognitive, physical, professional/vocational, social and spiritual.”

There is information and resources available from the NIDILRR community and elsewhere that people aging with and into disability can use to maintain active aging. For example, NARIC’s information specialists searched REHABDATA and found over 100 articles in the NARIC collection on active aging that include:

  • The Information/education page: Physical activity recommendations for the aging brain: A clinician-patient guide, from the NIDILRR-funded project Walking and its Effect on Health and Function in Individuals with Cerebral Palsy as they Transition to Adulthood: A Health Outcomes Study, is designed to guide healthcare professionals in providing physical activity recommendations for older adult patients, including older adults with cognitive disabilities, during an office visit. The guide offers information on setting achievable physical activity goals, developing a patient-centered active lifestyle plan, and monitoring for physical adjustments at medical office visits. It also discusses how having this conversation between physician and patient has been shown to enhance physical activity levels among older adult patients with cognitive disabilities.
  • Supporting active aging for persons with severe disabilities and their families across the life course examines the complexity of needs and supports of both the person with a severe disability and their families as they age, using the Charting the LifeCourse (CtLC) framework and planning tools. This framework provides a set of guiding principles for decision making, problem solving, and strategic thinking for policy, practice, and systems change. People with severe disabilities and their families may engage in person-centered and family-centered planning for aging using a life course view. The article also discusses issues that impact active and healthy aging for people disabilities, including the aging of caregivers, death of a caregiver, limited resources for supporting physical and health concerns, staying active in the community following retirement, and maintaining social and emotional connections.

NARIC’s information specialists also found organizations that help older Americans with and without disabilities in maintaining active aging:

  • Eldercare Locator is a nationwide service that connects older Americans and their caregivers with information on senior services, including healthcare, transportation, support services, housing, and elder rights. Caregivers may find support through Eldercare’s Caregiver Corner. One may search for providers and/or services by zip code, city, or state.
  • The National Center on Health, Physical Activity and Disability (NCHPAD) is a public health practice and resource center on health promotion for people with disabilities, including older people. They provide disability specific information regarding physical activity, nutrition, and lifestyle weight management, along with web-based health promotion programs inclusive to all users of all abilities. NCHPAD also has information for healthcare providers and fitness and wellness providers on encouraging older adults to remain active.
  • The Centers for Independent Living (CILs) are run by and for people with disabilities and offer support, advocacy, and information on empowerment in achieving independence from a peer viewpoint. Your local CIL can help you find the resources and information that you need to live as independently as possible and to age actively. You can find your local CIL by clicking on your state.

These are just a few examples of the information and resources available from the NIDILRR community and elsewhere. If you would like more resource, contact NARIC’s information specialists by chat and email.

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