Preguntas y Respuestas: Noticias Mensuales para la Comunidad de la Discapacidad

Preguntas y Respuestas es un recurso mensual para la Comunidad de la Discapacidad de habla española que llena una necesidad de información. Cada mes, revisamos las búsquedas que aparecen en nuestro blog y a través de las solicitudes de información hechas por nuestros clientes de habla hispana y elegimos un tema que llena la necesidad mayor. Cada recurso mencionado a continuación está asociado con la necesidad de información de este mes. Buscamos varios recursos y fuentes de noticias en español todo el mes para traerle estos artículos. Con la excepción de los Proyectos de NIDRR y Más Investigaciones, todos los enlaces de los artículos y recursos se encuentran en español. Este número de Preguntas y Respuestas abarca varias preguntas que hemos recibido con respecto a cómo la educación se ocupa de las brechas que las personas con discapacidades enfrentan: brechas en el empleo, las oportunidades, y el acceso a la tecnología.

Proyectos de NIDRR:
Pon a prueba lo que has aprendido – Evaluación: Un extensor de pruebas accesible cognitivamente basado en la nube para una aplicación de aprendizaje de necesidades especiales (Número del Proyecto: H133S140035)
Este proyecto financiado por NIDRR está desarrollando Pon a prueba lo que has aprendido – Evaluación (TWYLA por sus siglas en inglés), que es un sistema de evaluación que se puede acoplar con cualquier aplicación de necesidades especiales en cualquier dispositivo móvil. Esto permite a los profesores de necesidades especiales y a los desarrolladores de aplicaciones a integrar un componente de pruebas accesible cognitivamente en su entorno de aplicación. TWYLA proporciona a los profesores la capacidad de integrar las actividades de evaluación junto al ambiente de aprendizaje móvil de sus estudiantes.

Tecnología:
México intenta eliminar la brecha digital (uni>ersia)
Ya que el 64.5% de la población no tiene acceso a la Internet, México está tratando de eliminar la brecha digital y mejorar la educación dentro del país a través de la implementación de programas que proporcionan acceso a las personas con discapacidades. Parte del acceso proporcionado serán las herramientas tecnológicas necesarias para el desarrollo educativo de los niños con discapacidades. La Ley General de Educación de México obliga al país a integrar a los niños con discapacidades en las aulas y escuelas generales para maximizar las posibilidades de los niños y para satisfacer sus necesidades básicas de aprendizaje e integración social. La Red de Innovación y Aprendizaje (RIA) está ayudando a eliminar la brecha digital mediante la creación del programa “Expedición RIA” que espera ayudar a los niños con discapacidades a mejorar su rendimiento académico a través de la utilización de 2,500 ordenadores.

Rehabilitación:
Indicadores educativos en la educación especial (Organización of Ibero-American Estados)
Aulas Hospitalarias nació del deseo de los niños con enfermedades crónicas a continuar su educación para evitar repetir un año escolar. Aulas Hospitalarias es un espacio que proporciona una educación informal dirigida hacia los niños y adolescentes no actualmente en la escuela debido a enfermedad, tratamiento médico en el hogar, o la hospitalización (a corto y largo plazo), y donde, a través de apoyo académico y el desarrollo personal, las necesidades sociales y psicológicas de un niño se satisfacen.

Educación:                      
Las escuelas y la participación de la familia: Actitudes entre los latinos que tienen hijos con discapacidad visual (Número de Acceso de NARIC: J36652).
Este artículo discute los resultados de una encuesta de 183 miembros latinos de la familia de estudiantes con discapacidades visuales y sus actitudes y percepciones sobre los programas escolares que asisten a sus hijos con discapacidades visuales. Los resultados de la encuesta sugieren que las familias tenían actitudes positivas hacia las escuelas y los maestros de sus hijos y ellos no estaban de acuerdo con la afirmación que las familias no necesitan estar involucrados en la educación. Aquellos que respondieron  a la encuesta fueron menos positivos sobre sus habilidades de ayudar a su hijo con la lectura y las matemáticas. La variabilidad en las respuestas de los miembros de las familias se basaron en cuatro factores: la edad del niño, el modo de lectura del niño, los idiomas hablados por los entrevistados, y el nivel educativo de los entrevistados.

Empleo:
E-Aprendizaje interactivo para promover los resultados exitosos de empleo post-universitario para los estudiantes con discapacidades intelectuales (Número del Proyecto: H133S140039)
Este proyecto financiado por NIDRR está desarrollando una intervención adaptiva de habilidades laborales llamada Kit de Recursos Ocupacionales Basados en la Web (W.O.R.K. por sus siglas en inglés) que está diseñado específicamente para satisfacer los estilos de aprendizaje y las necesidades sociales/emocionales de estudiantes con discapacidades intelectuales. W.O.R.K. apoya a los estudiantes con discapacidades intelectuales, proporcionándoles instrucción, apoyo, y ejercicios interactivos que se basan en sus propias necesidades individuales para promover su desarrollo de habilidades esenciales para el empleo, la auto-determinación, y auto-abogacía. Actualmente, este proyecto de Investigación Innovadora de Empresas Pequeñas (SBIR por sus siglas en inglés) en Fase I está desarrollando un prototipo de software en pleno funcionamiento con las interfaces adaptadas para los educadores y los estudiantes; está realizando las pruebas de viabilidad con los educadores y estudiantes con discapacidades; y está realizando pruebas de usabilidad del prototipo con los estudiantes con discapacidad intelectual.

Interés Humano:
Los maestros se unen con ONCE para ayudar a los niños ciegos en los campamentos de refugiados del Sahara (Educación Especial)
El Centro de Recursos Educativos (CRE) de Barcelona ha contribuido a formar un grupo de maestros para ayudar a los estudiantes en los campamentos de refugiados en el Sahara. Esta iniciativa dio sus primeros pasos en 2004 y es parte de un Comité de Coordinación del Proyecto que incluye diferentes entidades y asociaciones catalanas de las comunidades de Valencia y Madrid y que son responsables del funcionamiento de las escuelas y los maestros en los campos de refugiados del Sahara. Diez años más tarde, CRE (una parte de ONCE) inició su participación en crear una red de centros escolásticos para los niños ciegos en los campamentos de refugiados de Tinduf (Algeria). Actualmente, Hay cinco escuelas – una en cada uno de los campamientos: Smara, Auser, Aaiún, Bojador, y Dajla.

Recursos:

  • Colombia – La com proporciona información sobre los tipos diferentes de discapacidades, educación y discapacidades, tecnología, accesibilidad, recreación, y más.
  • México – Red de Innovación y Aprendizaje (RIA) ayuda a los niños con discapacidades a través del uso de las computadoras para las personas, tecnología en la comunidad, cursos, y enlaces educativos.

Más Investigaciones:

Educación Especial

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Answered Questions: Monthly News for the Disability Community

Answered Questions is a monthly resource for the Spanish language Disability Community that fills an information need. Each month, we look through the searches on our blog and through the information requests made by our patrons who speak Spanish and pick a topic that fills the largest need. Each resource mentioned below is associated with this month’s information need. We search the various Spanish language news sources and feeds throughout the month to bring you these articles. With the exception of the NIDRR Projects and Further Investigation, all the linked articles and resources are in Spanish – any that are in English will be clearly marked. This edition of Answered Questions covers several questions that we have received regarding how education addresses the gaps people with disabilities face: gaps in employment, opportunity, and technology access.

NIDRR Projects:                                    
Test What You Learned – Assessment: A Cloud-Based Cognitively Accessible Testing Extender for Special Needs Learning App. (Project Number: H133S140035)
This NIDRR funded project is developing the Test What You Learned – Assessment (TWYLA), which is an evaluation system that can be coupled with any special needs app on any mobile device. This allows special needs teachers and app developers to integrate a cognitively accessible testing component into their app environment. TWYLA provides teachers the capability to integrate evaluation activities right next to their students’ mobile learning environment.

Technology:
Mexico attempts to eliminate the digital divide (uni>ersia)
Since 64.5% of the population does not have access to the Internet, Mexico is looking to eliminate de digital divide and improve education within the country through the implementation of programs that provide access to people with disabilities. Part of the access provided will be the necessary technological tools for the educational development of children with disabilities. The General Education Law of Mexico obliges the country to integrate children with disabilities into general classrooms and schools to maximize the children’s possibilities and to satisfy their basic learning needs and social integration. The Innovation and Learning Network (RIA – its acronym in Spanish) is aiding in eliminating the digital divide by creating the “Expedición RIA” program that hopes to help children with disabilities improve their academic performance through the use of 2,500 computers.

Rehabilitation:
Educational Indicators in Special Education (Organization of Ibero-American States)
Hospital Classrooms was born from the desire of children with chronic illnesses to continue their education to avoid repeating a school year. Hospital Classrooms is a space that provides an informal education directed towards children and teenagers not currently in school due to illness, medical treatment at home, or hospitalization (short and long-term), and where, through academic support and personal development, a child’s psychological and social needs are met.

Education:
Schools and Family Involvement: Attitudes Among Latinos Who Have Children with Visual Impairments (NARIC Accession Number: J36652)
This article discusses the results of a survey of 183 Latino family members of students with visual disabilities and their attitudes and perceptions about school programs attended by their children with visual disabilities. Results from the survey suggest that the families had positive attitudes toward the schools and their children’s teachers and they disagreed with the statement that families need not be involved in education. Those who responded to the survey were less positive about their abilities to help their child with reading and math. Variability in family members’ responses were based on four factors: the age of the child, the reading mode of the child, the languages spoken by the respondents, and the education level of the respondents.

Employment:
Interactive E-Learning to Promote Successful Postsecondary Employment Outcomes for Students with Intellectual Disabilities (Project Number: H133S140039)
This NIDRR funded project is developing an adaptive job-skills intervention called Web-Based Occupational Resource Kit (W.O.R.K.) that is specifically designed to meet the learning styles and social/emotional needs of students with intellectual disabilities. W.O.R.K. supports students with intellectual disabilities by providing them instruction, support, and interactive exercises that are based on their individual needs to promote their development of essential employment, self-determination, and self-advocacy skills. Currently, this Phase I Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) project is developing a fully functioning software prototype with tailored interfaces for educators and students; is conducting feasibility testing with educators and students with disabilities; and is conducting usability testing of the prototype with students with intellectual disabilities.

Human Interest:
Teachers unite with ONCE to help blind children in Saharan refugee camps (Educación Especial)
The Educational Resource Center (CRE – its acronym in Spanish) of Barcelona has helped to form a group of teachers to help blind students in the refugee camps in the Sahara. This initiative took its first steps in 2004 and is part of a Project Coordination Committee that includes different Catalan entities and associations from the communities of Valencia and Madrid and who are responsible for the functioning of the schools and teachers in the Saharan refugee camps. Ten years later, CRE (a part of ONCE) initiated its participation in creating a network of scholastic centers for blind children in the Saharan refugee camps of Tinduf (Algeria). Currently, there are five schools – one in each of the camps: Smara, Auser, Aaiún, Bojador, and Dajla.

Resources:

  • Colombia – La com provides information on different types of disabilities, education and disabilities, technology, accessibility, recreation, and more.
  • MexicoRed de Innovación y Aprendizaje (RIA) helps children with disabilities through the use of computers for individuals, technology in the community, courses, and educational links.

Further Research:

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¡Febrero es el Mes Internacional sobre la Terapia Recreacional/Recreación Terapéutica!

Febrero marca el Mes Internacional sobre la Terapia Recreacional/Recreación Terapéutica (RT/TR por su siglas en inglés). Para celebrar, nos gustaría compartir el objetivo y algunos de los beneficios de RT/TR. Aunque RT/TR y las Actividades parecen ser sólo diversión y juegos, hay un propósito para cada intervención/actividad. Este objetivo incluye la promoción y mejora de la calidad de vida de los participantes; ofrecer actividades que sean significativas para cada participante; aumentar o mantener las habilidades cognitivas y/o físicas; promover el bienestar emocional y psicosocial; proporcionar oportunidades para la socialización, expresión creativa, tomar decisiones, la elección, y responsabilidad; facilitar la expresión religiosa o espiritual; ofrecer consuelo y descanso; aumentar la diversión, el placer, y el disfrute; y proporcionar oportunidades para compartir intereses comunes, culturas, y experiencias; promover la independencia y la disminución de la indefensión aprendida; y proporcionar oportunidades para aprender nuevas habilidades, adaptar viejas habilidades, y disfrutar de nuevas actividades de ocio. Los beneficios de RT/TR y Actividades incluyen la mejora de las habilidades cognitivas tales como la comunicación, habilidades interpersonales, tomar decisiones, habilidades de la memoria, y la capacidad de atención; habilidades físicas tales como las habilidades motor fino/bruto, resistencia, coordinación mano/ojo; los patrones de sueño, y la integridad de la piel; el bienestar emocional incluyendo la socialización y motivación, autoestima, oportunidad para expresión creativa, y disminución de la depresión y el aburrimiento; y una disminución en los problemas de comportamiento tales como la deambulación, síndrome de Sundown, agitación, ansiedad, y los movimientos repetitivos. Algunas de las actividades que usted puede ver o experimentar en un programa de RT/TR y Actividades incluyen bingo, artes y artesanías, programas de música, juegos de mesa, las horas de noticias, programas de ejercicio (incluyendo yoga y Tai Chi en silla), equitación, natación, y salidas a restaurantes, museos, galerías de arte, teatros, y mucho más!

Hicimos una búsqueda en REHABDATA y encontramos más de 300 artículos sobre la RT/TR y como beneficia a las personas con discapacidad. Esta es sólo una muestra:

  • Análisis sistemático de la terapia de ocio y su eficacia en la administración de resultados funcionales en la rehabilitación del derrame cerebral. (Número de Acceso de NARIC: J68470).
  • El baile competitivo para las personas con discapacidad. (Número de Acceso de NARIC: J68383).
  • Oficios como disparadores de memoria en la reminiscencia: Un estudio de mujeres mayores con demencia. (Número de Acceso de NARIC: J70083).
  • Utilizando los principios de musicoterapia para mejorar la participación en la actividad física en los niños y adolescentes con discapacidades. (Número de Acceso de NARIC: J67419).

NIDRR cuenta actualmente con los siguientes proyectos que investigan RT/TR:

  • Aumentando la Participación Comunitaria en Adultos con Esquizofrenia. (H133G130137).
  • Tecnologías Interactivas del Ejercicio y la Fisiología del Ejercicio para Personas con Discapacidades. (H133E120005).
  • Centro de Investigación de Rehabilitación y Capacitación sobre la Vida Comunitaria. (H133B110006).

Para obtener más información sobre la investigación relacionada con RT/TR, usted puede buscar en REHABDATA. ¡Comparte con nosotros cómo están celebrando el Mes Internacional sobre RT/TR!

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February is International Recreational Therapy/Therapeutic Recreation Month!

February marks this year’s International Recreational Therapy/Therapeutic Recreation (RT/TR) Month. To celebrate, we’d like to share the purpose and some of the benefits of RT/TR. Although RT/TR and Activities seem like just fun and games, there is a purpose for each intervention/activity. This purpose includes promoting and enhancing the quality of life of participants; offering activities that are meaningful to each participant; enhancing or maintaining cognitive and/or physical abilities; promoting emotional and psychosocial well-being; providing opportunities for socialization, creative expression, decision making, choice, and responsibility; facilitating religious or spiritual expression; offering solace and relaxation; increasing fun, pleasure, and enjoyment; providing opportunities to share common interests, cultures, and experiences; promoting independence and decreasing learned helplessness; and providing opportunities to learn new skills, adapt old skills, and enjoy new leisure activities. The benefits of RT/TR and Activities include improved cognitive skills such as communication, interpersonal skills, decision making, memory skills, and attention span; physical skills such as fine/gross motor skills, endurance, hand/eye coordination, sleep patterns, and skin integrity; emotional well-being including socialization and motivation, self-esteem, opportunity for creative expression, and decreased depression and boredom; and a decrease in behavioral issues such as wandering, Sundown Syndrome, agitation, anxiety, and repetitive motions. Some of the activities that you may see or experience in an RT/TR and Activities program include bingo, arts and crafts, music programs, table games, news hours, exercise programs (including chair yoga and chair Tai Chi), horseback riding, swimming, and outings to restaurants, museums, art galleries, theaters, and more!

We ran a search in REHABDATA and found over 300 articles on RT/TR and how it benefits people with disabilities. Here is just a sample:

  • Systematic review of leisure therapy and its effectiveness in managing functional outcomes in stroke rehabilitation. (NARIC Accession Number: J68470).
  • Competitive Dance for individuals with disabilities. (NARIC Accession Number: J68383).
  • Crafts as memory triggers in reminiscence: A case study of older women with dementia. (NARIC Accession Number: J70083).
  • Using music therapy principles to enhance physical activity participation in children and adolescents with disabilities. (NARIC Accession Number: J67419).

NIDRR currently has the following projects doing research on RT/TR:

  • Increasing Community Participation in Adults with Schizophrenia. (H133G130137).
  • Interactive Exercise Technologies and Exercise Physiology for People with Disabilities. (H133E120005).
  • Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Community Living. (H133B110006).

For more information on research related to RT/TR, you can search in REHABDATA. Share with us how you are celebrating International RT/TR Month.

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Tips from NARIC on Perfecting your Database and Online Search Strategies: The Basics

The information specialists at NARIC field a variety of requests for information by phone, mail, email, and through our virtual reference chat service on a daily basis. In fact, many of our patrons contact us solely for our excellent search skills and ability to uncover literature and resources using search strategies they never even thought of! To better serve our patrons we are beginning a new blog series entitled “Tips from NARIC on Perfecting your Database and Online Search Strategies.” Each blog post provides information and tips for searching various databases including our own database, REHABDATA.

Every database and search engine is different, but here we cover some of the basic concepts which should work in some form in the database you’re using.

AND/OR/NOT, +/-, and ANY, ONE, “PHRASE”, and NONE

It is likely that at some point you have used an online search engine and/or database to locate information on personal, academic, or business-related topics. When utilizing online search engines and databases, you can make your searches more effective by using Boolean searching, phrase searching, and +/– options.

Boolean searching is a type of search that allows users to combine keywords with operators such as AND, NOT, and OR to produce more relevant results. PubMed is a database that uses this strategy. The two most common search Boolean are OR and AND. AND is the most common form of basic Boolean and is usually implied when searching keywords such as disability earnings (i.e. the same as searching disability and earnings). Using OR requires at least one of the terms joined by it to appear somewhere in the document, in any order. Searching for head injury OR brain injury will guarantee both concepts are covered in your search. NOT is a very handy tool, but not one that is often used. It helps eliminate potential false positives. You may want research on Deaf but not DeafBlind, so might search for Deaf NOT DeafBlind to see what PubMed has on hand.

Search engines like Google may use + or – or “phrase searching” for advanced search options. Quotation marks indicate that the words should be searched as a phrase in the order they are listed; for example, “stroke rehabilitation.” You could also combine phrases to cover your bases: For example, “stroke rehabilitation” or “stroke facilities” will produce results that contain at least one or the other phrase. The plus (+) symbol can be used to perform a search common words that are usually ignored in search strings; for example, searching which versus that, only versus would be searched as which and that are terms that are ignored by search engines and/or databases. Quotation marks and/or + can be used in those incidences. The minus (–) symbol can be used to eliminate keyword(s) from the results. For example, searching “stroke rehabilitation facilities” –subacute will limit the results to not include subacute.

Some search engines and databases, like ours, give you the option to search for “any words”, “all the words”, “exact phrase”, and “none of these words”. These options are the same as OR, AND, quotations, and NOT strategies.

If you want to dive even deeper, , Boolean search results can be narrowed further by using the operators AND NOT, NEAR, and parentheses ( ) otherwise known as “nesting.”

In our next article, we’ll take a look at the advanced search functions of our own REHABDATA and Program databases. Until then…happy searching!

Boolean Resources:

 

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Disability News Weekly Roundup – Monday, February 9 – Friday, February 13

Human Interest:
Meet the first model with Down syndrome to walk the runway at Fashion Week (NBC TODAY)
Jamie Brewer, an actress with Down syndrome, is modeling designs by Carrie Hammer during New York Fashion Week. She is part of “Role Models Not Runway Models,” a campaign the designer started a year ago featuring clients of hers who are real-life role models. Last year’s campaign included a model who uses a wheelchair. While most recognize Brewer for her work on the TV series “American Horror Story,” she has long worked as an advocate for people with disabilities.

Policy:
Child wrongly removed from mom with disability, Feds say (Disability Scoop)
Just two days after a 19-year-old Massachusetts woman with intellectual disability gave birth, state officials took her newborn away in an act the federal government contends violated the woman’s civil rights. In a 26-page report, federal officials said that Massachusetts’ handling of the case violated the mother’s rights under the Americans with Disabilities Act and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. The findings call for the state to provide compensatory damages to the mother, halt their efforts to terminate her parental rights, and provide her with appropriate supports and services so that she may pursue reunification with her daughter. Investigators are also calling for policy changes to prevent similar discrimination on the basis of disability.

Research:
Cerebellum’s higher role in cognition and assistive technologies (Rehab Management)
The cerebellum, a region of the brain that in the course of human evolution has changed very little and has been assumed to control only basic motor and balance functions, could in fact be a target for brain-controlled interfaces. A study conducted at the University of Missouri suggests the cerebellum can play a critical role in control tasks associated with assistive technologies, such as robotic arms, that would benefit individuals with physical disabilities.

MIT researchers develop glucose-responsive diabetes treatment (Gizmag)
Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have developed a new form of diabetes treatment that not only circulates in the bloodstream for a long period of time, but is only activated when blood sugar levels get too high. Two modifications to insulin were made: a hydrophobic molecule known as an aliphatic domain was added to ensure that the engineered hormone stays in the bloodstream for the required length of time. Then, BPA was added, a chemical group that reversibly binds to glucose, thus bringing it into contact with the insulin when high levels of sugar present themselves.

Brain waves of older adults compound hearing problems (The Hearing Review)
Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Cognitive Brain Sciences in Germany have discovered that changes in brain waves compound hearing problems in older adults. They found that the hearing difficulties older people experience, in addition to hearing loss, likely are due to changes in the brain’s alpha waves, whose adaption to altered hearing situations improves speech comprehension. The researchers conclude that these findings encourage further exploration of how a hearing aid might be adapted to a listener’s brain activity to improve speech comprehension in challenging listening environments.

Treating the uninjured side of the brain appears to aid stroke recovery (Science Daily)
According to researchers at the Medical College of Georgia and Georgia Regents University, while the opposite side of the brain following a stroke may not have directly experienced the stroke, its ability to aid the injured side is affected. That aid includes endothelial cells that line blood vessels on both sides of the brain releasing growth factors that protect neurons, help ailing ones recover, and prompt the growth of new blood vessels to the stroke site. All this activity also attracts endogenous stem cells so that, even if the new blood vessels never actually carry blood, they help create what is called a “regenerative niche” that can minimize stroke damage. According to the researchers, to maximize stroke recovery, focus should be more directed on ways to support the side of the brain where the injury didn’t occur.

A brain system that appears to compensate for autism, OCD, and dyslexia (Science Daily)
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), Tourette’s syndrome, dyslexia, and Specific Language Impairment appear to compensate for dysfunction by relying on a powerful and nimble system in the brain known as declarative memory. It allows individuals with autism to learn scripts for navigating social situations, helps people with OCD or Tourette’s to control tics or compulsions, and provides strategies to overcome reading and language difficulties in those diagnosed with language impairments. This discovery can be used to improve the diagnosis and treatment of these conditions.

Technology:
iBrailler smart Braille keyboard for iPads (Medgadget)
Engineers from Stanford and New Mexico State University have released a free app that makes typing Braille easy on tablet computers. Unlike traditional Braille typewriters, which have physical keys assigned to each finger, the iBrailler app automatically moves the keys to be where the fingers are. This is done by the user placing all the fingers on the screen before typing, with the app registering the location of all the fingers. Simply lifting the hands off the screen and placing them back results in recalibrating the keys. The free app is available for Apple iPads and can be downloaded from the iTunes store.

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RFP Opportunity: Community Mobility Design for Health and Behavioral Health

Requests for Proposals – Community Mobility Design for Health and Behavioral Health: March 27 Deadline
February 5 Administration for Community Living (ACL) National Center for Mobility Management announced RFP for eight community design teams to link transportation to health and behavioral health
Learn more here

Applications due in March. Informational webinar TOMORROW (2/13).

Please note: We are posting this information as a courtesy to our readers. We are not affiliated with or participating in this grant competition. For more information, please follow the included link.

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NIDRR Researchers Named to FCC Disability Advisory Committee

The Federal Communications Commission has officially announced and scheduled the first meeting of the new Disability Advisory Committee. Several members of the NIDRR community will serve on the committee, providing advice and recommendations to the FCC on a wide array of disability matters within its jurisdiction.

FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler says he is excited to the DAC begin its important work. “This new Committee will provide sorely needed expertise and recommendations from consumer and industry stakeholders on communications and video programming issues. We look forward to using this expertise to improve our ability to meet the needs of consumers with disabilities.” (see the full release)

Current and former members of the NIDRR research community who will participate in the committee include:

They join a prestigious group of researchers, industry leaders, advocates, and policy makers whose expertise will be invaluable as the FCC shapes future communication policy. The first meeting of this committee will be March 17th. It is open to the public and will be webcast. See the press release linked above for more information.

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Resumen Semanal de las Noticias sobre la Discapacidad: Lunes, 2 de Febrero – Viernes, 6 de Febrero

Vida:
El pueblo holandés, donde todo el mundo tiene demencia (The Atlantic)
El aislado pueblo holandés de Hogeway se encuentra en las afueras de Amsterdam. Se trata de una vanguardista centro de atención para personas mayores, aproximadamente el tamaño de 10 campos de fútbol americano, donde se les da a los residentes con demencia la posibilidad de vivir vidas aparentemente normales. Con sólo 152 habitantes, se ejecuta como una versión benévola de El Show de Truman. El pueblo tiene su propia plaza de la ciudad, teatro, jardín, y oficina de correos. También tiene cámaras para la vigilencia de los residentes, los proveedores de atención en ropa de calle, y una sola puerta de entrada y salida, todo es parte de un sistema de seguridad diseñado para mantener una segura comunidad.

Política:
Veteranos paralíticos piden que el Congreso y Sonado aproban la Ley de Licencia Federal para los Soldados Heridos (Rehab Management)
La Ley de Licencia Federal para los Soldados Heridos designa una mayor cantidad de licencia por enfermedad para los veteranos que son empleados federales para compensar el ritmo acelerado que sus lesiones pueden exigir. El proyecto de ley, aprobada por el Comité de Supervisión y Reforma del Gobierno, permitiría a los veteranos con discapacidades relacionadas con el servicio a ser empleados federales para acumular licencia médica con ingresos durante su tratamiento. La ley daría creédito a los veteranos con 104 horas al comezar su tratamiento para las discapacidades. El proyecto de ley está programado para una votación del House completo y, de ser aprobada, se va al Senado para su consideración.

Educación:
Cada vez más, las bibliotecas se conveirtan en más inclusivas (Disability Scoop)
En respuesta a una necesidad creciente, algunos programas nuevos están enseñando a las bibliotecas cómo acomodar los niños con discapacidades que no pueden adherirse al esperado “código de conducta.” Esta primavera, el Centro para el Autismo y Discapacidades Relacionadas de la Universidad de Florida está poniendo en marcha un programa de capacitación orientado para enseñar al personal de las bibliotecas sobre el autismo, tales como proporcionar ajustes individualizados y compilar una lista de libros para niños con autismo. Y la Universidad de Florida recientemente desarrolló un instrumento de capacitación en línea que incluye formas de comunicacion para que el personal de las bibliotecans puedan comunicarse y ofrecer alternativa a los visitantes con autismo.

Estudio:
La educación temprana de alta calidad puede reducir los costos (The Washington Post)
Los programas de alta calidad de educación temprana pueden reducir el número de niños diagnósticados con ciertas discapacidades de aprendizaje antes del tercer grado, de acuerdo con un estudio realizado por investigadores de la Universidad de Duke. El estudio, que rastreó 871,000 niños, se centró en un programa preescolar para los niños de cuatro años de edad de familias en riesgo y un programa que proporciona servicios para los niños, las familias, y de la salud para los niños desde el nacimiento hasta que tengan los cinco años de edad. Los participantes en el programa preescolar fueron 32 por ciento menos probables de ser colocados en la educación especial antes del tercer grado, en comparación a los niños que no participaron. Y aquellos inscritos en el programa de nacimiento hasta los cinco años de edad fueron 10 por ciento menos probables que los no afiliados a estar recibiendo servicios de educación antes del tercer grado.

Rehabilitación:
Sistema de juego de ejercicios para las personas con discapacidades graves (Medgadget)
Personas con discapacidades físicas poco comunes pueden tener dificultades en desarrollar una rutina de ejercicio que se adapte a sus necesidades únicas. En el Instituto Fraunhofer de Circuitos Integrados en Alemania, un equipo académico se ha asociado con personas con discapacidades resultando en una exposición el el útero a la talidomida para crear un juego de ejercicio para el tablet que ellos estarían encantados de jugar. El juego se basa en un pad del hombro lleno de sensores que monitorea constantemente el movimiento del jugador, convirtiendo el movimiento físico en acciones de los personajes en la pantalla. El juego es interactivo, y los jugadores pueden competir con los demas a través de webcam.

Investigación:
Estudio en 2008 del Pentágono afirma que Putin tiene el síndrome de Asperger (USA Today)
Según un estudio de la Oficina de Evaluación de la Red, un think tank del Pentágono que alluda a diseñar la estrategia militar a largo plazo, el presidente ruso Vladimir Putin tiene el síndrome de Asperger, “un trastorno autistico que afecta todas sus desiciones.” El estudio menciona el trabajo de especialistas en autismo como respaldando sus hallazgos. Un informe mencionado recomienda que los funcionarios estadounidenses deben encontrar los ambientes tranquilos cuando quieren hacer frente con Putin, cuya conducta y expresiones faciales, según el informe, revelan a alguien que es defensivo en grandes entornos sociales.

Tecnología:
Una interfaz cerebro-computadora que funciona de forma inalámbrica (MIT Technology Review)
Los investigadores de la Universidad de Brown y la empresa de Utah Blackrock Microsystems han comercializado un dispositivo inalámbrico que se puede acoplar al cráneo de una persona y tranmitir a través de comandos de pensamiento de radio recogidos de un implante en el cerebro. El transmisor podría dar a los usuarios paralizados de manera práctica para controlar los televisores, las computadores, y las sillas de ruedas con sus pensamientos. Blackrock dice que va a solicitar la autorización para el sistema de la Administración de Comida y Drogas de los EEUU, por lo que el control remoto mental puede ser prpbado en voluntarios, posiblemente tan pronto como este año.

Adolescente con una mano aprende a tocar una guitarra media, gracias a la prótesis de impresa-3D (Huffington Post)
Un adolescente que perdió su mano derecha al nacer ha aprendido a tocar la guitarra con aplomo total con la ayuda de una prótesis especial de impreso 3D. La prótesis le permite manipular las cuerdas de una guitarra con destreza. Incluso se blason con las palabras “Linkin Park”, después de una de las bandas favoritas de laa dolescencia. El artículo incluye un vídeo que demuestra la prótesis.

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Disability News Weekly Roundup – Monday, February 2 – Friday, February 6

Living:
The Dutch village where everyone has dementia (The Atlantic)
The isolated Dutch village of Hogeway lies on the outskirts of Amsterdam. It is a cutting-edge elderly-care facility, roughly the size of 10 football fields, where residents with dementia are given the chance to live seemingly normal lives. With only 152 inhabitants, it is run like a more benevolent version of The Truman Show. The village has its own town square, theater, garden, and post office. It also has cameras monitoring residents, caretakers posing in street clothes, and only one door in and out of town, all part of a security system designed to keep the community safe.

Policy:
Paralyzed veterans call on House and Senate to pass Wounded Warriors Federal Leave Act (Rehab Management)
The Wounded Warriors Federal Leave Act designates greater amounts of sick leave for veterans who are federal employees to make up for the accelerated rate of treatment their injuries can demand. The bill, already passed by the House Oversight and Government Reform committee, would allow veterans with service-related disabilities to become federal employees to accumulate paid sick leave during treatment. The law would credit veterans with 104 hours as they begin their treatment for disabilities. The bill is scheduled for a full House vote and, if passed, it will make its way to the Senate for further consideration.

Education:
Increasingly, libraries becoming more inclusive (Disability Scoop)
Responding to a growing need, a few new programs are teaching libraries how to accommodate children with disabilities who may not adhere to the expected “behavior code.” This spring, the University of Florida’s Center for Autism and Related Disabilities is launching a training program geared to teach library staff about autism, such as providing more individualized settings and compiling a book list for children with autism. And Florida State University recently developed an online training tool that includes ways library staff can communicate with and offer alternatives to visitors with autism.

Study: High-quality early education could reduce costs (The Washington Post)
High-quality early childhood programs can reduce the number of children diagnosed with certain learning disabilities by third grade, according to a study by researchers at Duke University. The study, which tracked 871,000 children, focused on a preschool program for four-year-olds from at-risk families and a program that provides child, family, and health services for children from birth through age five. Participants in the preschool program were 32 percent less likely to be placed in special education by third grade, compared to non-participants. And those enrolled in the birth-through-age-five program were 10 percent less likely than non-enrollees to be receiving special education services by third grade.

Rehabilitation:
Exercise game system for people with serious disabilities (Medgadget)
People with uncommon physical impairments can have difficulties developing an exercise routine that fits their unique needs. At the Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits in Germany, an academic team has partnered with individuals with disabilities resulting from in-utero exposure to thalidomide to create a tablet exercise game they would be happy to play. The game relies on a sensor-packed shoulder pad that constantly monitors the motion of the player, converting physical movement into actions of characters on the screen. The game is interactive, and players can compete with others via webcam.

Research:
Pentagon 2008 study claims Putin has Asperger’s syndrome (USA Today)
According to a study from the Office of Net Assessment, a Pentagon think tank that helps devise long-term military strategy, Russian President Vladimir Putin has Asperger’s syndrome, “an autistic disorder which affects all of his decisions.” The study cites work by autism specialists as backing their findings. One report cited recommends that U.S. officials find quiet settings in which to deal with Putin, whose behavior and facial expressions, according to the report, reveal someone who is defensive in large social settings.

Technology:
A brain-computer interface that works wirelessly (MIT Technology Review)
Researchers at Brown University and Utah company Blackrock Microsystems have commercialized a wireless device that can be attached to a person’s skull and transmit via radio thought commands collected from a brain implant. The transmitter could give paralyzed users a practical way to control TVs, computers, and wheelchairs with their thoughts. Blackrock says it will seek clearance for the system from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, so that the mental remote control can be tested in volunteers, possibly as soon as this year.

Teen with one hand learns to play a mean guitar, thanks to 3D-printed prosthesis (Huffington Post)
A teen who lost his right hand at birth has learned to play the guitar with total aplomb with the help of a special 3D-printed prosthesis. The prosthesis allows him to manipulate a guitar’s strings with dexterity. It’s even emblazoned with the words “Linkin Park,” after one of the teen’s favorite bands. The article includes a video demonstrating the prosthetic.

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