Resumen Semanal de las Noticias sobre la Discapacidad: Lunes, 15 de Diciembre – Viernes, 19 de Diciembre

Interés Humano:
“El Deafo”: Cómo una chica volvió la discapacidad en una superpotencia (NPR)
Escritor e ilustrador Cece Bell cuenta su propia historia sobre crecer con una discapacidad auditva después de sufrir meningitis a la edad de 4 años. En su memoria gráfica El Deafo, ella describe sus experiencias con el Phonic Ear, un audífono grande y voluminoso que llevaba atado a su pecho, con cables con los auriculares de ir hasta las orejas. Poco después de ser equipada con él, descubrió que no sólo podía oír a su profesor en el aulao, pero ella la olló donde quiere que estuviera en todo el edificio de la escuela. Esto le dio una sensación de poder, convirtiéndola en El Deafo el superhéroe.

Educación:
El síndrome de Down no es una barrera para el título universitario (Disability Scoop)
Ezra Roy, un joven de 21 años con síndrome de Down,  recientemente se graduó con honores de la Universidad del Sur de Texas con una licenciatura en arte y un menor de edad en el teatro. La escuela hizo adaptaciones para su discapacidad, lo que le permite más tiempo en sus proyectos y examenes, pero no modificó los requisitos para él. Exra utilizó láminas de anatomía de un hospital para estudiar biología. Él y su padre lo convirtieron en una diana y lanzaron dardos a las diferentes partes y órganos del cuerpo. Utilizó una computadora con software especial para descomponer temas de ensayo y hacer que sus papeles sean más fáciles de escribir. Y se pasaba horas y horas trabajando en su arte.

Juez de DC despide una demanda de 18 años sobre la educación especial, proporcionando el control a las escuelas (The Washington Post)
Un juez de distrito de los EEUU ha descartrado una demanda de 18 años sobre la educación especial contra el sistema de escuelas públicas del Distrito de Columbia, poniendo en fin  a la supervisión judicial de como los administradores escolares responden a las familias que esperan por servicios para los estudiantes con discapacidades. La decisión permite a las escuelas a administrar los servicios de educación especial sin un monitor oficial que comproba de manera rutina. De acuerdo a los oficiales con la Oficina del Superintendente de Educación del Estado, el Distrito ha avanzado lo suficiente para ser removido de un control más estricto en las áreas de oportunidad de determinación y transición de los niños jóvenes en los servicios de educación especial temprana.

Cuidado de las Personas Mayores:
El Efecto de una Casa Invernadera: Casas para que los ancianos prosperen (The New York Times)
El Proyecto de Casa Invernadera es un nuevo modelo para el cuidado a largo plazo de personas mayores, su nombre sugiere un ambiente de consolidación donde los ancianes y los débiles pueden prosperar. Los residentes de una Casa Invernadera, cuyo cuidado está financiado por Medicaid, Medicare, o fondos privados, viven en cabañas con habitaciones y baños privados. Ellos participan, cuando pueden, en la preparacion de la comida y comen en un espacion que se parece más a un comedor de casa que a una cafetería. Y los Residentes de una Casa Invernadera son libres de elegir el momento de comer.

Investigación:
Problemas leves de memoria, pensamiento: ¿Que funciona, lo que no funciona? (Science Daily)
Para hasta uno de cada cinco estadounidenses mayores de 65 años de edad, el envejecimiento trae problemas de memoria y para pensar. Los doctores los llaman deterioro cognitivo leve, o DCL, y sostienen que DCL es un a condición tratable. Hay buena evidencia que el ejercicio aeróbico, la actividad mental, el compromiso social y la prevención de accidentes cerebrovasculares ayudan a reducir el riesgo de un mayor deterioro cognitivo.

Medicación vinculada con un menor número de lesiones en los niños con TDAH (HealthDay)
Una nueva investigación en la escuela de medicina de la Universidad de Hong Kong y la Escuela Londinense de Higiene y Medicina Tropical sugiere que tomar la medicina para el trastorno de déficit de atención e hiperactividad (TDAH) puede reducir el riesgo en los pacientes jóvenes de accidentalmente hirirse a sí mismos. Cuando varios niños y adolescentes con TDAH estaban tomando metilfenidato (comercializado como Ritalin o Concerta), eran un poco menos probables de llegar en la sala de emergencias cuano no estaban tomando el fármaco.

Tecnología:
Piel artificial inteligente para complementar las prótesis (MedGadget)
Las prótesis a menudo faltan la capacidad de proporcionar informacion al usuario, tales como las diferencias de temperatura o presión. Ahora, investigdores de Corea del Sur y los EEUU han creado una piel protésica que se infunde con 400 sensores de silicio de forma S y sensores de oro por cada milimentro cuadrado que son capaces de comprimir y expandir.

Vea un perro con discapacidad obtener una nueva oportunidad de vida con piernas impresos de 3D (Fast Company)
Derby el perro nació con dos pequeños soportes de botón donde las patas delanteras debian estar y, hasta recientemente, sólo podía moverse en superficies blandas. Entonces, Derby consiguió un conjunto de piernas ortopédicas diseñas específiccamente para él por una empresa de impresión en 3D. Mira Drby ir de relativamente inmóvil a cachorro feliz, correteador en este vídeo.

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Disability News Weekly Roundup – Monday, December 15 –Friday, December 19

Human Interest:
‘El Deafo’: How a girl turned her disability into a superpower (NPR)
Writer and illustrator Cece Bell tells her own story about growing up with a hearing impairment following meningitis at the age of 4. In her graphic memoir El Deafo, she describes her experiences with the Phonic Ear, a big, bulky hearing aid she wore strapped to her chest, with cords with earpieces going up to her ears. Soon after being fitted with it, she discovered that not only could she hear her teacher in the classroom, but she heard her wherever she was in the entire school building. This gave the girl a sense of power, turning her into El Deafo the Superhero.

Education:
Down Syndrome no barrier to college degree (Disability Scoop)
Ezra Roy, a 21-year-old with Down Syndrome, recently graduated with honors from Texas Southern University with a major in art and a minor in theatre. The school made accommodations for his disability, allowing him more time on his projects and exams, but did not modify requirements for him. Ezra used anatomy charts from a hospital to study biology. He and his dad turned it into a dartboard and threw darts at the different body parts and organs. He used special computer software to break down essay topics and make it easier to write his papers. And he spent hours and hours working on his art.

DC judge dismisses 18-year-old special education lawsuit, giving control to schools (The Washington Post)
A US district judge has dismissed an 18-year-old special-education lawsuit against the District of Columbia’s public school system, ending judicial oversight of how school administrators respond to families awaiting services for students with disabilities. The decision allows schools to administer special-education services without a court-appointed monitor routinely checking in. According to officials with the Office of the State Superintendent of Education, the District has made enough progress to be removed from tighter control in the areas of timeliness of hearing-officer determination and of transitioning young children into early special-education services.

Elder Care:
The Green House Effect: Homes for the elderly to thrive (The New York Times)
The Green House Project is a new model for long-term elder care, its name suggesting a nurturing environment where elders and the frail can thrive. Green House residents, whose care is financed by Medicaid, Medicare, or private funds, live in cottages with private rooms and baths. They participate, when able, in food preparation and eat in a communal setting that is more like a home dining room than a cafeteria. And Green House Residents are free to choose when to eat.

Research:
Mild memory, thinking issues: What works, what doesn’t? (Science Daily)
For up to one in five Americans over the age of 65, getting older brings memory and thinking problems. Doctors call them mild cognitive impairment, or MCI, and contend that MCI is a treatable condition. There is good evidence that aerobic exercise, mental activity, social engagement, and stroke prevention help reduce the risk of further cognitive decline.

Medication linked to fewer injuries in kids with ADHD (HealthDay)
New research at the University of Hong Kong medical school and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine suggests that taking medication for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) might reduce the risk of young patients accidentally injuring themselves. When several children and teens with ADHD were taking methylphenidate (marketed as Ritalin or Concerta), they were a little less likely to end up in the emergency room than when they were not taking the drug.

Technology:
Smart artificial skin to complement prosthetics (MedGadget)
Prostheses often lack the capability to provide feedback to the user such as differences in temperature or pressure. Now researchers in South Korea and the US have created a prosthetic skin that is infused with roughly 400 S-shaped silicon and gold sensors per square millimeter that are able to compress and expand.

Watch a disabled dog get a new lease on life with 3-D printed legs (Fast Company)
Derby the dog was born with two little nubbins for front legs and, until recently, could only get around on soft surfaces. Then Derby got a set of prosthetic legs designed specially for him by a 3D printing company. Watch Derby go from relatively immobile to happy, scampering pup in this video.

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Webinar: El 17 de diciembre sobre los servicios gratuitos para los beneficiarios de Seguro Social por Discapacidad a quienes le gustaría trabajar

Obtenga información sobre como el programa Billete a Trabajar (TTW por sus siglas en inglés) del Seguro Social puede ayudarle a ganar más dinero mientras que sigue recibiendo sus beneficios del Seguro Social por Discapacidad cuando se matrícula en y escucha al webinar gratuito Evento del Seminario sobre las Incentivas para Trabajar que se celebra el miércoles, 17 de diciembre, 3-4:30 pm ET. Durante este webinar, usted aprenderá cómo puede mantener sus beneficios mientras que mira a volver a trabajar o mientras que recibe servicios de rehabilitación vocacional a través del uso de TTW u otras incentivas para trabajar. Usted puede matricularse en línea o cuando llame al 866/968-7842 (V) o 866/833-2967 (TTY). Este webinar se presentará en inglés).

Visite la Guía de Disability.gov sobre los Beneficios de Discapacidad si usted tiene alguna pregunta sobre los beneficios de discapacidad del Seguro Social, beneficios para los niños del Seguro Social, el empleo y sus beneficios, o sobre como apelar una decisión sobre su solicitud.

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Webinar on December 17 on Free Services for Social Security Disability Beneficiaries Who Would Like to Work

Learn how Social Security’s Ticket to Work (TTW) program can help you earn more money by working while still receiving your Social Security disability benefits by registering for and listening to the free Work Incentives Seminar Event being held on Wednesday, December 17th from 3-4:30 pm ET. During this webinar you will learn how you may keep your benefits while looking into going back to work or while receiving vocational rehabilitation services through the use of TTW or other work incentives. You can register online or call 866/968-7842 (V) or 866/833-2967 (TTY).

Visit Disability.gov’s Guide to Disability Benefits if you have any questions about Social Security disability benefits, benefits for children, work and your benefits, or appealing a decision on your application.

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2015 NIDRR Grants Forecast

As part of the transition to the Administration for Community Living (ACL), NIDRR will announce new grant competitions as a component of ACL. NIDRR and ACL are managing the details of how the application process will be advertised and processed. All grant applications packages and application forms continue to be offered through Grants.gov. To facilitate transparency and access, NIDRR will post grant-forecast and application information at http://www.ed.gov/programs/nidrr/fy15nidrrandaclgrantcompetitions.html. We encourage you to bookmark this page and check it frequently.

This grants forecast is advisory only and is not an official application notice of NIDRR, the Administration for Community Living (ACL), or the U.S. Department of Education. We expect to provide updates to this forecast document throughout the fiscal year, pending details of NIDRR’s transition to ACL. Please keep in mind that the dates and priority titles recorded in this document are SUBJECT TO CHANGE and that the average size/number of awards are ESTIMATES.

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Conference call with NIDRR and Administration for Community Living

You are cordially invited to participate in a conference call with Kathy Greenlee, Administrator of the Administration for Community Living (ACL) and NIDRR Director John Tschida on December 17, 2015 from 3:30-4:30 p.m.

Administrator Greenlee and Director Tschida will share an update on the ongoing process to transfer NIDRR to ACL as directed by the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014 and the joint effort to shape the vision and priorities for the combined agency.

RESERVE YOUR SPACE:  To reserve a spot for this call, send an email to NIDRR-Mailbox@ed.gov by close of business Monday, December 15, 2014.  Please include the words “STAKEHOLDER MEETING” in the subject line and state your name and institution in the body of the email, along with the number of phone lines you will need.  The phone number and access codes will be sent to you.

If you have any questions, please contact NIDRR-Mailbox@ed.gov. We hope you can make it, and we look forward to a fruitful discussion!

ACL/NIDRR Team

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4th Annual Research-to-Policy Roundtable

The 4th Annual Research-to-Policy Roundtable took place in the afternoon of December 3rd following the release of the 2014 Compendium of Disability Statistics. Mark Periello, President of the American Association of People with Disabilities (AAPD), expressed his excitement to transition from the data and statistics driven discussions from the Compendium release in the morning to discussions on how stakeholders can to apply data and statistics in developing and implementing policies to assist in driving systematic change for people with disabilities.

Ellen Nissenbaum, Senior Vice President for Government Affairs at the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (the Center), presented on the Budget Outlook for 2015 and Looming Action on SSDI, providing an overview and discussion of potential implications of the November 2014 elections for persons with disabilities. The Center anticipates large fiscal cuts to non-defense discretionary (NDD) and low-income entitlement programs based on similar data gathered since 2010. The Center also anticipates NDD spending to fall below a historical low, as well as NDD caps to return to sequestration levels. Nissenbaum outlined the factors for the recent growth in the Disability Insurance (DI) rolls, the increasing difficulty of getting on DI, the higher poverty rates for DI beneficiaries, and the Social Security Administration (SSA) reduced ability to sustain program activities and customer service.

These presentations were followed by a panel led by Henry Claypool, executive Vice President of AAPD, including representatives from National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR), Administration on Community Living (ACL), Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA), Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP), and Social Security Administration (SSA). The panel discussed two recent significant pieces of legislation for individuals with disabilities and federal agency partnerships—Section 503, federal contractors hiring people with disabilities and Workforce Investment and Opportunity Act (WIOA). With the implementation of the WIOA, the Department of Labor, Department of Education (DoE), and Health and Human Services (HHS) are working together to assist persons with disabilities in exciting new ways. NIDRR is transitioning from DoE to become the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), otherwise known as the “Institute,” and moving to ACL under HHS. Sharon Lewis, Principle Deputy Administration at ACL, and John Tschida, Director of NIDRR both addressed the challenges of navigating the transition of one federal agency into another; and one thing is clear, both the Institute and ACL are interested in seamless transition for grantees and multiple stakeholders.

According to Tschida, the number one organization priority for the Institute is a successful operational transition into ACL but “the mission” has not changed. In its new incarnation, NIDRR will continue promoting and producing new knowledge and promoting its effective use. The current grant management system and its archival data is being transferred to ACL and FY15 funding priorities will no longer be published through DoE but through ACL. Community living, employment, and health and function will continue to be key areas of the long-range plan while balancing across populations.

Transcripts of the 2014 Compendium and 4th Annual Roundtable event are now available at the event website – videos are forthcoming!

The 2014 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium is available online or may be downloaded for FREE. Technical assistance is available at 866/538-9521, relay 711, or by email at disability.statistics@unh.edu.

NEW! Download the 2014 Disability Statistics Annual Report. This report is a companion volume to the Compendium, highlighting trends in popular topics.

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2014 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium Released!

On December 3rd, the 2014 Compendium of Disability Statistics release and the Annual Research-to-Policy Roundtable meeting was held at the Washington Center, Blinken Auditorium in Washington, D.C. The sixth annual Compendium release brought together disability stakeholders and researchers (in-person and on-line) to discuss the patterns and trends in statistical data related to disability.

As in previous years, the NIDRR-funded Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC) presented information on the purpose, design, and topics covered within the 2014 edition of the Compendium. According to the American Community Survey (ACS), in 2013 an estimated 39.9 million people with disabilities are living in the community. Since 2008, that percentage of people with disabilities gradually increased from 12.1 to 12.7 percent. The employment rate gaps between persons with and without disabilities increased from 38.6 to 40.3 percent from 2008 to 2013. However, the employment gap decreased from its high of 40.9 percent in 2012 to 40.3 percent in 2013, showing minor improvement. According to the Current Population Center (CPC), trends in labor force participation for individuals with disabilities have fallen since 2008 but began to increase again in 2014. Since March 2014, the StatsRRTC has collaborated with Kessler Foundation to release a monthly report National Trends in Disability Employment, the nTIDE report. The nTIDE report, funded in part by grants from NIDRR (H133B130015 & H133B120005) and Kessler Foundation, provides a focused analysis of data released by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, comparing statistics for working age men and women (ages 16 to 64) with and without disabilities. The report analyzes key indicators that reflect the employment environment for Americans with disabilities including: labor force participation rate, employment-to-population ratio, and percentage of individuals actively looking for employment.

The Compendium release included various presentations. Elaine Katz, Senior Vice President of Grants and Communications at the Kessler Foundation presented information and data related to their National Employment Survey (NES) launched the first week of November 2014. The current survey is expected to be completed by early 2015 and, after data analysis, dissemination is expected in June 2015. The data workshop included presentations by Amy Steinweg, Health and Disability Statistics Branch of U.S. Census Bureau, and by Brian S. Armour, PhD, from the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC), National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD). Steinweg’s presentation provided an overview of disability statistics from the U.S. Census Bureau in 2014/2015 from the ACA, CPS, and the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), and the SIPP SSA Supplemental. Armour’s presentation provided an overview of the disability data disseminated by the CDC’s Division of Human Development and Disability a part of NCBDDD. The data in Armour’s presentation focuses on data sources related to early hearing detection and intervention; the spina bifida program and patient registry; fragile X online registry, database, and consortium; the muscular dystrophy surveillance tracking and research network; and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and Tourette syndrome.

The final presentation of the Compendium release was from the NIDRR-funded Health and Health Care Disparities Among Individuals with Disabilities (2010-2014) – Health Care Disparities Among Individuals with Disabilities Project Highlights. The project highlights were separated into four sections with Monica McClain, PhD and Amanda Reichard, PhD providing an overview of their section presentations, as well as, the section presentations of their colleagues Charles Drum, PhD and Kimberly Phillips, respectively.

The 2014 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium is available online or may be downloaded for FREE. Technical assistance is available at 866/538-9521, relay 711, or by email at disability.statistics@unh.edu.

NEW!  Download the 2014 Disability Statistics Annual Report. This report is a companion volume to the Compendium, highlighting trends in popular topics.

Transcripts of the 2014 Compendium event are now available at the event website – videos are forthcoming!

 

 

 

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Resumen Semanal de las Noticias sobre la Discapacidad: Lunes, 1 de Diciembre – Viernes, 5 de Diciembre

Interés Humano:
Navegando por el escenario con una discapacidad (The Wall Street Journal)
En un concierto Festival de Canción de Nueva York en noviembre, el co-fundador, de la organización, el pianista Steven Blier, entro el escenario en su silla de ruedas que funciona con batería. “Esto toma un minuto, así que estudien sus notas de programa,” dijo el Sr. Blier al público, mientras que el co-fundador MIchael Barrett mantenió una silla de piano para que el Sr. Blier se pueda deslizarse en la silla de piano, y luego guardó la silla de ruedas. El pianista entonces se lanzó en un programa que el denominó “arte de la canción en el sofá,” conectando las canciones alemanas con las ídeas de Sigmund Freud. El Sr. Blier es uno de tres músicos clásicos basados en Nueva York con próximos conciertos que han navegado carreras sustenciales a pesar de los retos significantes de la salud. Los otros dos son el violinista Itzhak Perlman y el Chelista Alisa Weilerstein.

Política:
La Corte Suprema va a sopesar las obligaciones de la policia bajo la ADA (Disability Scoop)
La Corte Suprema de los EEUU se ha compremetido a escuchar la apelacion de San Franciso de un fallo que permite a una mujer con enfermedad mental que empuña un cuchillo a demandar a la policía por dispararla, un caso que podría establecer normas para el tratamiento de la policía de las personas con discapacidades. La corte más alta del país programará una audiencia de decisión debido a finales de junio. La cuestión central es como la Ley de Americanos con Discapacidades, que requiere que las agencias del gobierno hagan ajustes razonables para aquellos con discapacidades, se aplica a la conducta de la policía hacia una persona con enfermedad mental que puede ser violenta.

Rehabilitación:
Los pacientes tienen mejores resultados después de la cirugía si hacen ‘prehab’ primero (North County Public Radio)
A menudo se le dice a la gente que siga un programa de rehabilitación despues de la cirugía para acelerar la recuperación. Pero someterse a un programa de “pre-rehabilitación” para preparse para la cirugía podría ayudar a los pacientes a recuperar la función aún más rápido. Los investigadores de la Universidad de McGill en Montreal estudiaron a 77 pacientes programados para cirugía de cáncer colorrectal, se le dijo a la mitad de ellos que inicien un programa que incluye ejercisios aeróbicos, entrenamiento de fuerza, y un régimen nutricional antes de la cirugía y que lo continuen después del procedimiento, mientras que se les dio instrucciones a la otra mitad para iniciar el programa justo después de la cirugía, Dos meses después de la cirugía, el grupo de pre-rehabilitación fueron capaces de caminar significantemente más lejos que los pacientes de sólo rehabilitación.

Investigación:
Poner más carga en el lado lesionado de cerebros post accidente cerebrovascular puede ayudar a la recuperación (Rehab Management)
Desacelerar la actividad en el lado saludable de un cerebro después de un accidente cerebrovascular podría obligar a la parte lesionada del cerebro a trabajar más como una forma de recuperar el control motor y otras funciones. Los investigadores en el Centro Médico Wexner de la Universidad Estatal de Ohio están explorando este concepto utilizando la Estimulación Magnética Transcraneal (TMS por sus siglas en inglés) con un estudio dirigido a mejorar el movimiento del brazo entre personas que han sufrido un accidente cerebrovascular. En particular, los investigadores están buscando a las personas que están entre tres y 12 meses después del ictus y que no han recuperado completamente.

Los investigadores de la lesión cerebral encuentra que la práctica a encotran mejora la memoría en los jóvenes con LCT (Science Daily)
Las dificultades de memoria y el aprendizaje son comunes después de una lesión cerebral traumática (LCT) en la infancia. Un estudio financiado por la Fundación Kessler y el Hospital Especializados de Niños en Nueva Jersey ha identificado la práctica de recuperaciên como una estrategía útil para mejorar la memoria de los niños y adolescentes con LCT. Los investigadores estudiaron 15 pacientes con LCT y deterioro de la memoria, de 8 a 16 años de edad, comparando los resultados de tres estrategias de memoria: re-estudio congregado (abarrotar), re-estudio espaciado (re-estudio de los materiales a intervales de tiempo), y la práctuca de recyoeracuón (interrogando durante la etapa de aprendizaje). Se encontró que la práctica de recuperación resulta en un mejor recuerdo.

La ingeniería aplica la teoría de control del robot para mejorar las piernas ortopédicas (Science Daily)
Un profesor de la Universidad de Texas en Dallas ha aplicado la teoría de control de robot para permitir las prótesis accionadas a responder de forma  dinámica al entorno del usuario y ayudar a los amputados a caminar. El enfoque fue probado en los modelos computarizados y luego con tres participantes con amputaciones por encima de la rodilla. Los algoritmos fueron implementados con sensores que miden el centro de la presion en una prótesis accionada. Introducidos con sólo la altura, peso, y dimensión del muslo residual del usuario en el algoritmo, la prótesis fue configurada para cada participante en unos 15 minutos. Con el prótesis, los participantes fueron capaces de caminar enuna cinta de movimiento casi tan rápido como una persona sana.

Tecnología
La nueca cuchara de Google hace que comer sea más fácil para las personas con temblores (Huffington Post)
Google está lanzando su dinero, poder del cerebro, y la tecnologia en la humilde cuchara. Pero la cuchara Liftware es más que su utensilio básico: utilizando cientos de algoritmos, permite que las personas con temblores esenciales y enfermedad de Parkinson puedan comer sin derramar. La tecnología detecta cómo está sacudiendo una mano y hace ajustes instantáneos para mantener el equilibro. En los ensayos clínicos, la cuchara Liftware redució el temblor del recipiente de la cuchara en un promedio del 76 por ciento.

“Cuello de Texto” está emergiendo como un peligro para la salud músculo-esqueléctico (Rehab Management)
Mirar a un dispositivo electrónico portátil puede ejercer el equivalente de 60 libras de eso apremientes en la columna vertebral Este fenómeno se discute en un nuevo estudio que analiza los efectos saludables negativos asociados con personas que pasan de dos a cuatro horas cada día mirando a un dispositivo móvil de mano, tales como un teléfono inteligente. Los resultados del estudio notan que el peson visto por la columan vertebral dramáticamente aumenta al flexionar la cabeza hacia delante en diversos grados.

Con ojo sobre la discapacidades, la tele está ganando nuevas características (Disability Scoop)
Comcast está añadiendo caracteristicas a su caja de cable Xfinity X1 para que sea accesible a sus clientes ciegos y deficientes visuales. La Guía Hablar X1, se describe como “la primera interfaz de usuario de televisión con capacidad de voz de la industria”, cuenta con una voz de mujer  que lee la información en voz alta fundamental de visualización de televisión, como los títulos de shows y los nombres de red, el tiempo restante en un espectáculo, y el precio de un alquiler de películas. Los usuarios de X1 será capaz de activar el Guía que Habla a pulsar el botón “A” del mando a distancia dos veces, o por medio de los controles de accesibilidad en el menú principal de configuración.

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Disability News Weekly Roundup – Monday, December 1 –Friday, December 5

Human Interest:
Navigating the stage with a disability (The Wall Street Journal)
At a New York Festival of Song concert in November, the organization’s co-founder, pianist Steven Blier, zoomed onto the stage in his battery-operated wheelchair. “This takes a minute, so study your program notes,” Mr. Blier said to the audience, as co-founder Michael Barrett held a piano chair for him to slide into, and then tucked the wheelchair away. The pianist then launched into a program he dubbed “Art Song on the Couch,” connecting German songs with the ideas of Sigmund Freud. Mr. Blier is one of three New York-based classical musicians with coming concerts who have navigated substantial careers despite significant health challenges. The other two are violinist Itzhak Perlman and cellist Alisa Weilerstein.

Policy:
Supreme Court to weigh police obligations under ADA (Disability Scoop)
The U.S. Supreme Court has agreed to hear San Francisco’s appeal of a ruling allowing a mentally ill, knife-wielding woman to sue police for shooting her, a case that could set standards for police treatment of people with disabilities. The nation’s high court will schedule a hearing for a ruling due by the end of June. The central issue is how the Americans with Disabilities Act, which requires government agencies to make reasonable accommodations for those with disabilities, applies to police conduct toward a person with mental illness who may be violent.

Rehabilitation:
Patients do better after surgery if they do ‘prehab’ first (North Country Public Radio)
People are often told to follow a rehabilitation program post surgery to speed recovery. But undergoing so-called “prehabilitation” to prepare for surgery might help patients regain function even faster. Researchers from McGill University in Montreal studied 77 patients scheduled for colorectal cancer surgery, half of whom were told to start a program including aerobic exercises, strength training, and a nutritional regimen before surgery and continue it following the procedure, while the other half were instructed to start the program right after the surgery. Two months after surgery, the prehabilitation group were able to walk significantly farther than the rehab-only patients.

Research:
Putting more load on injured side of post-stroke brains may aid recovery (Rehab Management)
Dialing back activity on the healthy side of a brain post-stroke could force the injured side of the brain to work harder as a way to recover motor control and other functions. Researchers at the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center are exploring this concept using Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) with a study aimed at improving arm movement among individuals who have had a stroke. In particular, researchers are looking at people who are three to 12 months poststroke and who have not completely recovered.

Brain injury researchers find retrieval practice improves memory in youth with TBI (Science Daily)
Difficulties with memory and learning are common after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in childhood. A study funded by the Kessler Foundation and Children’s Specialized Hospital in New Jersey has identified retrieval practice as a useful strategy for improving memory among children and adolescents with (TBI). Researchers studied 15 patients with TBI and impaired memory, aged 8 to 16 years, comparing results of three memory strategies: massed restudy (cramming), spaced restudy (restudy of material at timed intervals), and retrieval practice (quizzing during the learning stage). Retrieval practice was found to result in better recall.

Engineer applies robot control theory to improve prosthetic legs (Science Daily)
A University of Texas at Dallas professor has applied robot control theory to enable powered prosthetics to respond dynamically to the wearer’s environment and help amputees walk. The approach was tested on computer models and then with three above-knee amputee participants. The algorithms were implemented with sensors measuring the center of pressure on a powered prosthesis. Inputted with only the user’s height, weight, and dimension of the residual thigh into the algorithm, the prosthesis was configured for each participant in about 15 minutes. With the prosthesis, the participants were able to walk on a moving treadmill almost as fast as an able-bodied person.

Technology:
Google’s new spoon makes eating easier for those with tremors (Huffington Post)
Google is throwing its money, brain power, and technology at the humble spoon. But the Liftware spoon is more than your basic utensil: using hundreds of algorithms, it allows people with essential tremors and Parkinson’s disease to eat without spilling. The technology senses how a hand is shaking and makes instant adjustments to stay balanced. In clinical trials, the Liftware spoon reduced shaking of the spoon bowl by an average of 76 percent.

“Text neck” emerging as a hazard to musculoskeletal health (Rehab Management)
Staring at a handheld electronic device can exert the equivalent of 60 pounds of weight pressing onto the spine. This phenomenon is discussed in a new study that reviews the negative health effects associated with individuals who spend from two to four hours each day peering into a handheld mobile device such as a smartphone. Results of the study note that weight seen by the spine dramatically increases when flexing the head forward at varying degrees.

With eye on disabilities, TV gaining new features (Disability Scoop)
Comcast is adding features to its Xfinity X1 cable box to make it accessible to its blind and visually impaired customers. The X1 Talking Guide, described as “the industry’s first voice-enabled television user interface,” features a female voice that reads aloud crucial TV-viewing information, such as show titles and network names, show descriptions, the time remaining on a show, and the price of a film rental. X1 users will be able to activate the Talking Guide by tapping the remote’s “A” button twice, or via the accessibility controls in the main settings menu.

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